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Adopting an abandoned child

Fatwaa ID: 1718

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
A baby girl was abandoned
I would like to know a Muslim family Is allowed to legally adopt this child in terms of shariah as the child would legally now take the surname of the adopted parents as the history of the child is unknown

Also the adopted mother is too old to get milk and has no kidz of her own

will the laws of Parda be slightly less strict as this girl does not have any other mahrams besides her adopted father

Jazakallah khair

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

May Allaah deal with the parents of the abandoned child as they deserve.

  1. It is permissible to adopt the child in question. If it is possible not to give the child the adoptive parents’ surname, then that would be better. When the child is of age, she must informed that the adoptive parents are not her biological parents.
  2. She may consider taking medication to induce lactation. Alternatively, the adoptive father may try to get her nursed by his sister for example through whom mahram relationship would be established. This is obviously if the baby is less than two lunar years old.
  3. The laws of hijaab will remain the same irrespective of how many mahrams she has. The adoptive father is not a mahram. The laws of hijaab will have to be maintained with her once she becomes baaligh. This would only be avoided if foster relations are established.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

02/22/1445 AH – 09/08/2023 CE | AML1-8293

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


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