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Atrocities in predominantly Muslim countries

Fatwaa ID: 049

Question:

Asalamualaikum Hazrat.

The Muslims are suffering in various parts of the world today, and it’s often said it’s because of the sinful nature of the Ummah. We’re all embroiled in endless layers of sin upon sin, and this is Allah’s punishment upon the Ummah.

Now, is it not fair to say, that the atrocities that’s being inflicted upon us by the west is also a test from Allah, and could a means of their/our salvation? IF the many punishments we’re experiencing today is indeed a punishment, then why is just the Muslim suffering in predominant Muslim countries? You’d think us living in the west who’re influenced more so than our brothers in the eat would share at least the brunt of it.

 If we go with this understanding, then calamities which, took place during the time of Sahaba like Siffin, Jamal, Karbala, Yazid’s shenanigans, and Hujaj bin Yusuf’s attacking Kabah itself, and many other episodes – are we going to say the golden era was also Allah’s azaab?

I’m just confused with many publications I’ve come across, and read in this regard.

Obviously only Allah knows best, but my question is could some of the punishment, and oppression that’s befallen us be an examination of Allah (SWT)? Is this a viable Interpretation?

Answer:

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

You enquire regarding whether the various atrocities in predominantly Muslim countries are a punishment from Allaah Ta’aala or a test of their Imaan. No one can make an absolute claim in that regard as nobody knows with certainty the reason behind Allaah’s will in those atrocities. The observations made by people are at most probabilities. It is incorrect to regard the various atrocities as the punishment of Allaah Ta’aala with certainty. The atrocities could probably be a punishment from Him or they could be a test of their Imaan.

However, if people are disobedient to Allaah Ta’aala and openly violating His laws, then the atrocities could probably be a punishment from Him. If people are obedient to Allaah Ta’aala and practice upon Deen, then the atrocities are probably a test of their Imaan.

It would be incorrect to dismiss the atrocities as a test of Imaan while Allaah Ta’aala is being disobeyed and people carry out sinful activities like zinaa (fornication), stealing, injustice, etc. Reflect upon the following verse:

ظَهَرَ الْفَسَادُ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِي النَّاسِ لِيُذِيقَهُمْ بَعْضَ الَّذِي عَمِلُوا لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ

Translation: Corruption has appeared throughout the land and sea by [reason of] what the hands of people have earned so He may let them taste part of [the consequence of] what they have done that perhaps they will return [to righteousness]. (Surah Ar-Room v.41)

وَلَنُذِيقَنَّهُمْ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ الْأَدْنَى دُونَ الْعَذَابِ الْأَكْبَرِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ

Translation: And we will surely let them taste the nearer punishment short of the greater punishment that perhaps they will repent. (Surah As-Sajdah v.21)

Rasulullaah (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) is reported to have said:

من يعمل سوءا يجز به في الدنيا[1]

Translation: “Whoever does evil, he shall be recompensed in this life.” (Ahmad)

It would also be incorrect to regard the atrocities as punishment from Allaah Ta’aala when He is being obeyed and the laws of Shariah are fulfilled. In such a situation, one should seek refuge in taqdeer and regard the atrocities as a test of one’s Imaan.  Consider the following

أَحَسِبَ النَّاسُ أَنْ يُتْرَكُوا أَنْ يَقُولُوا آمَنَّا وَهُمْ لَا يُفْتَنُونَ (2) وَلَقَدْ فَتَنَّا الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ فَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ الْكَاذِبِينَ (3)

Translation: Do the people think that they will be left to say, “We believe” and they will not be tried?

But We have certainly tried those before them, and Allah will surely make evident those who are truthful, and He will surely make evident the liars. (Surah Al-‘Ankaboot v.3)

وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ

Translation: And Allah will surely make evident those who believe, and He will surely make evident the hypocrites. (Surah Al-‘Ankaboot v.11)

وَلَنَبْلُوَنَّكُمْ بِشَيْءٍ مِنَ الْخَوْفِ وَالْجُوعِ وَنَقْصٍ مِنَ الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَنْفُسِ وَالثَّمَرَاتِ وَبَشِّرِ الصَّابِرِينَ

Translation: And We will surely test you with something of fear and hunger and a loss of wealth and lives and fruits, but give good tidings to the patient. (Surah Al-Baqarah v.155)

And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best.
Muajul I. Chowdhury
Student, Darul Iftaa
New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

09/11/2017

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


[1]  مسند أحمد (1/ 203)

23 – حدثنا عبد الوهاب بن عطاء، عن زياد الجصاص، عن علي بن زيد ، عن مجاهد، عن ابن عمر، قال:

سمعت أبا بكر، يقول: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ” من يعمل سوءا يجز به في الدنيا “

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