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Bequest of a non-Muslim employer for a Muslim employee

Fatwaa ID: 2287

An non-muslim employer makes a bequest to his Muslim employee to receive a certain amount of money from his estate. Does this bequest also amounts to ⅓ of the employers estate, or because he is not a Muslim, it can be any amount?

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

In principle, a Muslim does not inherit a non-Muslim nor does a non-Muslim inherit a Muslim. However, if a non-Muslim makes a bequest for a Muslim, then that will be valid, not vice-versa. That being said, the bequest of the non-Muslim may be up to one-third of his estate unless his heirs permit for more. If he has no heirs, then this will not be applicable.

In the enquired, the Muslim employee may accept the bequest of the non-Muslim employer but only up to one-third of his estate after funeral expenses and debts. If the heirs of the non-Muslim employer allow for the bequest even though it exceeds one-third, then it will be permissible for him to accept it in full.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

10/12/1445 AH – 04/21/2024 CE | AMG1-3872

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

الفتاوى الهندية (6/132)
الحربي المستأمن إذا أوصى للمسلم والذمي يصح في الجملة غير أنه إن كان دخل وارثه معه في دار الإسلام فأوصى بأكثر من الثلث وقف ما زاد على الثلث على إجازة وارثه وإن لم يكن له وارث أصلا تصح من جميع المال كما في المسلم والذمي

تبيين الحقائق شرح كنز الدقائق (6/206)
ولو أوصى الذمي بأكثر من الثلث أو لوارثه لا يجوز كالمسلم لأنهم التزموا أحكام الإسلام فيما يرجع إلى المعاملات


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