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Buying and selling Chinese goods, audible recitation in salaah, praying last minute

Fatwaa ID: 2345

Assalamu Alaykum Mufti Sahib
I have a few question,if you could provide answers to them it will help me greatly Insha Allah:

1) Is it permissible to buy and sell things from China?
I have heard that the reason why things from China are cheap is because labour costs are low there.

And they use forced Uyghur labour there…some brands like SHEIN uses this forced labour for their clothes,etc. I do not know how exactly these things are,but this is most likely happening.

Is it permissible to buy and sell these products knowing or having a feeling that they were made in such a way?

2) This is a question about Salah.
During Dhuhr and Asr we must recite quietly but in other salahs we must recite loudly.
Does this rule apply to women who are praying individually as well?
If so, how loud and quiet must it be?
I often accidentally pray loudly but as I am not sure how loud is considered loud and how quiet is considered quiet I am confused.
I find it hard to recite quietly as I am used to reciting kind of loudly since I feel like I concentrate better when I recite loudly.
And must we recite quietly during sunnah mu’akkidah/ghayr mu’akkidah/nafl salahs also?

3)If there is only 2-3 mins left till salah time ends and one thinks he can’t pray without rushing it, should he miss it and make qada?
And if he accidentally does an action too quickly, like got up from sajdah in haste must he make sajdah sahw?

‎جزاك الله خيرا

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

  1. It is permissible to buy and sell goods from China provided that the items are permissible items. The cost of the labor or the unethical or even oppressive behaviors of the manufacturers would not affect the validity or the permissibility of the sales. It is very rare that you will find manufacturers that are fully ethical. That being said, should you choose to avoid buying Chinese goods, which is quite general, due to your sense of ethical consciousness, then that is a choice you may make. It is hoped that you will be rewarded for your intention. However, you may not enforce this on others or shun them for not choosing your preferences.
  2. No. Women should recite inaudibly in all salaahs. The recitation must be such that you can hear yourself, similar to whispering.
  3. At the outset, one should not delay his salaah until the last moments. He should prepare for it from before and pray it with love, concentration and devotion. Nevertheless, in the unfortunate event that it gets delayed and there are only a few minutes left, then he should start salaah immediately even if it means that he will have to perform it quickly. To make the salaah qadhaa is a major sin. As long as a portion of the salaah, aside from Fajr Salaah, is found within its respective time, it will count as adaa. While devotion and taking your time is important, it is even more important to ensure that it is performed timeously as adaa.
  4. If a posture was performed quickly but it was performed at least to the minimum, then salaah will be valid. Sajdah Sahw will not be necessary.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

11/08/1445 AH – 05/16/2024 CE

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


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