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Coming to Jeddah from Madinah, praying in Quba after Asr

Fatwaa ID: 1964

Assalamualaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatahu Mufti saab,

Alhamdulillah I have performed my Umrah but I had two confusions that I needed clarification on:

  1. We are on our way back to Jeddah Airport for our flight from Madinah. We crossed the Miqaat. Am I required to pay a penalty?
  2. On our way back to Madinah, we stopped at Masjid Quba and it was during Asr Time. I prayed two rakat nafl just to get the reward but I was also skeptical that its during the forbidden time. In this particular scenario , can one pray two rakat nafl to get the reward of one Umrah?

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

  1. We understand that you came to the airport in Jeddah directly from Madinah Munawwarah without entering Makkah Mukarramah. Accordingly, it was not necessary for you to enter the state of ihraam. Therefore, there is no penalty upon you.
  2. It was not appropriate for you to perform the two rak’ahs nafl at that time. The time was still a makrooh time. If you wanted the reward, you should have come earlier or stayed back until after sunset. In the enquired situation, istighfaar should be made.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

05/24/1445 AH – 12/08/2023 CE | AMG1-3618

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (2/164)
ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻟﻮ ﺃﺭاﺩ ﺑﻤﺠﺎﻭﺯﺓ ﻫﺬﻩ اﻟﻤﻮاﻗﻴﺖ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﻣﻜﺔ ﻻ ﻳﺠﻮﺯ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺠﺎﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺇﻻ ﻣﺤﺮﻣﺎ، ﺳﻮاء ﺃﺭاﺩ ﺑﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﻣﻜﺔ اﻟﻨﺴﻚ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﺞ ﺃﻭ اﻟﻌﻤﺮﺓ ﺃﻭ اﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ ﺃﻭ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻋﻨﺪﻧﺎ، ﻭﻗﺎﻝ اﻟﺸﺎﻓﻌﻲ: ﺇﻥ ﺩﺧﻠﻬﺎ ﻟﻠﻨﺴﻚ ﻭﺟﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻹﺣﺮاﻡ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﺩﺧﻠﻬﺎ ﻟﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﺟﺎﺯ ﺩﺧﻮﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺇﺣﺮاﻡ، ﻭﺟﻪ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺗﺠﻮﺯ اﻟﺴﻜﻨﻰ ﺑﻤﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺇﺣﺮاﻡ ﻓﺎﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﺃﻭﻟﻰ؛ ﻷﻧﻪ ﺩﻭﻥ اﻟﺴﻜﻨﻰ،.
ﻭﻟﻨﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ – ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ – ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ: «ﺃﻻ ﺇﻥ ﻣﻜﺔ ﺣﺮاﻡ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺧﻠﻘﻬﺎ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻟﻢ ﺗﺤﻞ ﻷﺣﺪ ﻗﺒﻠﻲ، ﻭﻻ ﺗﺤﻞ ﻷﺣﺪ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ، ﻭﺇﻧﻤﺎ ﺃﺣﻠﺖ ﻟﻲ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻬﺎﺭ، ﺛﻢ ﻋﺎﺩﺕ ﺣﺮاﻣﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻳﻮﻡ اﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ» اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ.
ﻭاﻻﺳﺘﺪﻻﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻭﺟﻪ: ﺃﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ: – ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ -.
ﺃﻻ ﺇﻥ ﻣﻜﺔ ﺣﺮاﻡ، ﻭاﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ: ﻻ ﺗﺤﻞ ﻷﺣﺪ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ، ﻭاﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ: ﺛﻢ ﻋﺎﺩﺕ ﺣﺮاﻣﺎ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻳﻮﻡ اﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ ﻣﻄﻠﻘﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻓﺼﻞ.
ﻭﺭﻭﻱ ﻋﻦ اﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ – ﺭﺿﻲ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ – ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ – ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ – ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ: «ﻻ ﻳﺤﻞ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﻣﻜﺔ ﺑﻐﻴﺮ ﺇﺣﺮاﻡ» ، ﻭﻷﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺑﻘﻌﺔ ﺷﺮﻳﻔﺔ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻗﺪﺭ ﻭﺧﻄﺮ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ، ﻓﺎﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻳﻘﺘﻀﻲ اﻟﺘﺰاﻡ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺇﻇﻬﺎﺭا ﻟﺸﺮﻓﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﺋﺮ اﻟﺒﻘﺎﻉ، ﻭﺃﻫﻞ ﻣﻜﺔ ﺑﺴﻜﻨﺎﻫﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺟﻌﻠﻮا ﻣﻌﻈﻤﻴﻦ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺑﻘﻴﺎﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﻌﻤﺎﺭﺗﻬﺎ ﻭﺳﺪاﻧﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﺣﻔﻈﻬﺎ ﻭﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻬﺎ؛ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﺑﻴﺢ ﻟﻬﻢ اﻟﺴﻜﻨﻰ


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