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Completing the Faatihah behind the imaam, Qadhaa salaahs

Fatwaa ID: 1809

السلام عليكم
The first batch of questions that we wanted to ask you are:

  1. If I am praying Dhuhr or Asr in jamaat and the imam goes into rukuh before I’ve finished reciting Fatiha (in any rakaat) or another surah after Fatiha (in the first 2 rakaats), do I stop and go into rukuh with him? Or do I finish the surah then go into rukuh?
  2. If you didn’t know that Salah was fardh until much later since you weren’t taught about it, should one make up all their missed salahs of the previous years or so on. I don’t know if it helps, but I follow the Hanafi madhab and an answer in this category would be much appreciated (Alhamdulillah I’m starting to pray on a regular basis now but the possibility of having to pray years of missed salah is making me feeling pressured).

JazakumAllahu khairan for your time and effort!

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

  1. It is not clear from your query which legal school you follow. According to the Hanafi legal school, it is reprehensible for a muqtadee/follower to verbally recite Surah al-Faatihah or an additional recitation while behind the imaam. The imaam’s recitation is sufficient for the muqtadee.
    As for the other legal schools, reciting Surah al-Faatihah behind the imaam is necessary according to them. If the imaam goes to rukoo’ before one could complete the Faatihah, then he should first complete it and then join the imaam in rukoo’. As for another surah or recitation after the Faatihah, then he should stop wherever he is and go down with the imaam. He should not complete the surah or read anything else once the imaam goes to rukoo’.
  2. Yes. It is necessary to make up all the missed or skipped salaahs. This is in accordance to all four legal schools. Aside from tawbah and istighfaar, one should make a schedule for himself and gradually work towards making them up. This way, it does not become a burden on him. For example, he can make qadhaa of one salaah after every fardh salaah. Allaah Ta’aala sees the effort and dedication. Take it as another opportunity to connect with Him and speak to Him. Do not look at it as a burden. Each sajdah is a step closer to Him.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

03/16/1445 AH – 10/02/2023 CE

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


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