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Confused deceptive question regarding breaking fast

Fatwaa ID: 771

asalamualaikum wrwb mufti Saab

Please can you answer the following question:

Question regarding: if a person eats after making his intention of fasting in day time then expiation is not required if one later eats intentionally

So i wanted to confirm if there will be kaffara in this situation:

I had to go for trip in Ramdhan and i was confused if i should fast or not. So i did.not make the intention before true dawn

but i had not eaten anything, so in day time , before midday, i eventually decided that i should fast and made the intension to do it. But then i ended up intensionally eating later on.

please can you confirm about this that this will not require kaffara and only qaza?

Clarification: i just checked with the Questioner

the trip she was going on was not 48 miles from her home.

she was indecisive about whether to fast or not as she had a school trip that day and she thought she would not be able to control her hunger. so she didnt intend to fast prior to Enterance of fajr.

during the day, she intended to fast (prior to midday)

then later in the day she intentionally ate.

she was not in the ruling of traveler at any point during this day

is kafarah wajib on her for eating if she made intention to fast after true dawn?.

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

At the outset, we advise you (the petitioner) to fear Allaah Ta’aala. Your initial question was deceptive and incomplete. When seeking a fatwaa, you must provide all the necessary details in the correct manner. A mufti is only responsible to answer according to how the question is posed and is not responsible for any hidden information. Furthermore, let the mufti do his job. You do not need to provide your distorted ideas in order to influence the fiqh or the fatwaa.

Nevertheless, we understand from the details of your query and your clarification that you were NOT a musaafir. “Trip” means a local school trip. You wanted to initially skip the fast of a day in Ramadhaan. This is impermissible and a major sin unless there is a valid Shari’ah sanctioned reason. Your supposed excuse was not valid to skip a fast of Ramadhaan. You then decided before midday to fast. Your fast had thus started and was binding. Later on during the day you broke your fast intentionally. If you broke your fast with a valid reason such as unbearable hunger or thirst, then you only have to make qadhaa. However, if you did not have a valid Shari’ah sanctioned reason, then you will have to make qadhaa and kaffaarah (60 consecutive days) according to the Hanafi legal school.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

08/11/1444 AH – 03/03/2023 CE | AML1-7218

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


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