Fatwaa ID: 1602
May I ask if a person passes Salam to pass it on to third party and the individual knows that it would be difficult to convey salam (i.e. she may not see her or she’s fearful to approach due to the character of an individual). Will it be incumbent to pass on the Salam to the third party?
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.
If a person is requested to convey Salaam to a third person and he accepts this request, then it becomes waajib on him to convey it. It is now an amaanah (trust) on him. However, if he declines the request or says that he will try but cannot guarantee, then it will not be waajib on him as he is not taking on the burden.
And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
01/22/1445 AH – 08/09/2023 CE | AML1-8152
وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين
الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (6/415)
الدر: ﻭﻟﻮ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻵﺧﺮ: ﺃﻗﺮﺉ ﻓﻼﻧﺎ اﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺫﻟﻚ
الرد: (ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺫﻟﻚ) ﻷﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻳﺼﺎﻝ اﻷﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﻘﻬﺎ، ﻭاﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬا ﺇﺫا ﺭﺿﻲ ﺑﺘﺤﻤﻠﻬﺎ ﺗﺄﻣﻞ.
ﺛﻢ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺷﺮﺡ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﻭﻱ ﻋﻦ اﺑﻦ ﺣﺠﺮ اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺃﻥ اﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺇﻥ اﻟﺘﺰﻣﻪ ﺃﺷﺒﻪ اﻷﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﻭﺇﻻ ﻓﻮﺩﻳﻌﺔ اﻩـ. ﺃﻱ ﻓﻼ ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺬﻫﺎﺏ ﻟﺘﺒﻠﻴﻐﻪ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻮﺩﻳﻌﺔ ﻗﺎﻝ اﻟﺸﺮﻧﺒﻼﻟﻲ: ﻭﻫﻜﺬا ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻎ اﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺣﻀﺮﺓ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ – ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ – ﻋﻦ اﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﺑﻪ؛ ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ: ﻭﻳﺴﺘﺤﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﺒﻠﻎ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻝ: ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺴﻼﻡ اﻩـ. ﻭﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺗﺤﻔﺔ اﻷﻗﺮاﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﺼﻨﻒ، ﻭﺯاﺩ ﻭﻋﻦ اﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻳﺠﺐ اﻩـ. ﻟﻜﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺘﺘﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺎ ﻳﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻠﻎ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻧﺎ ﺳﻼﻣﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻏﺎﺋﺐ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺮﺩ اﻟﺠﻮاﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻤﺒﻠﻎ ﺃﻭﻻ ﺛﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ اﻟﻐﺎﺋﺐ اﻩـ. ﻭﻇﺎﻫﺮﻩ اﻟﻮﺟﻮﺏ ﺗﺄﻣﻞ
الفتاوى الهندية (5/326)
وإذا أمر رجلا أن يقرأ سلامه على فلان يجب عليه ذلك كذا في الغياثية
آداب المعاشرات للتهانوي (ص 43)
فتاوى دار العلوم زكريا (7/444)
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