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Correct harakah of the word تهادوا

Fatwaa ID: 1648

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
Hope Muftisaheb is well inshaAllah

Which is correct, تهادَوا or تهادُوا

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

It is of utmost importance that one pronounces the words of the Ahaadith correctly, lest he attributes to Nabi ﷺ something that he did not say. Negligence in this matter is unacceptable.

Contrary to the famous mispronunciation, the correct harakah of the letter د in the word تهادوا in the above hadith is fat-hah, i.e. تهادَوا. This is an imperative verb from the scale of تفاعل whose past and present tense forms are with fat-hah as well.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

01/30/1445 AH – 08/17/2023 CE | AML3-3607

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

البناية شرح الهداية (10/160)
ﻗﻮﻟﻪ: ﺗﻬﺎﺩﻭا – بفتح اﻟﺪاﻝ ﻭﺳﻜﻮﻥ اﻟﻮاﻭ ﻷﻧﻪ ﺻﻴﻐﺔ ﺧﻄﺎﺏ ﻟﻠﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﻬﺎﺩﻱ، ﻭﺃﺻﻠﻪ ﺗﻬﺎﺩﻯ؛ ﻷﻧﻚ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ ﺗﻬﺎﺩ ﺗﻬﺎﺩﻳﺎ ﺗﻬﺎﺩﻳﻮا ﻗﻠﺒﺖ اﻟﻴﺎء ﺃﻟﻔﺎ ﻟﺘﺤﺮﻛﻬﺎ ﻭاﻧﻔﺘﺎﺡ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺒﻠﻬﺎ ﺛﻢ ﺣﺬﻓﺖ ﻻﻟﺘﻘﺎء اﻟﺴﺎﻛﻨﻴﻦ ﻓﺼﺎﺭ ﺗﻬﺎﺩﻭا ﻛﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻮا ﻭﺃﺻﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻴﻮا. ﻗﺎﻝ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ: {ﻗﻞ ﻳﺎﺃﻫﻞ اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻮا ﺇﻟﻰ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺳﻮاء} [ ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮاﻥ: 64] .
ﻗﻮﻟﻪ: ﺗﺤﺎﺑﻮا ﺑﺘﺸﺪﻳﺪ اﻟﺒﺎء اﻟﻤﻀﻤﻮﻣﺔ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺻﻴﻐﺔ ﺧﻄﺎﺏ ﻟﻠﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ، ﻭﺃﺻﻠﻪ ﺗﺤﺎﺑﻮﻥ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺳﻘﻄﺖ اﻟﻨﻮﻥ ﻷﻧﻪ ﺟﻮاﺏ ﻟﻷﻣﺮ، ﻭﺃﺻﻠﻪ ﺗﺤﺎﺑﻮا؛ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﺤﺎﺑﺐ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺤﺒﺔ، ﺃﺩﻏﻤﺖ اﻟﺒﺎء ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﺎء، ﻭﻗﺎﻝ اﻟﺤﺎﻛﻢ: ﺗﺤﺎﺑﻮا ﺇﻣﺎ ﺑﺘﺸﺪﻳﺪ اﻟﺒﺎء ﻣﻦ اﻟﺤﺐ، ﻭﺇﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺨﻔﻴﻒ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺤﺎﺑﺎﺓ.

شرح الزرقاني على الموطأ (4/418)
(ﻭﺗﻬﺎﺩﻭا) بفتح اﻟﺪاﻝ ﻭﺇﺳﻜﺎﻥ اﻟﻮاﻭ.
ﺗﺤﺎﺑﻮا، ﻗﺎﻝ اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﻟﻠﺤﺎﻛﻢ: ﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺸﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻤﻦ اﻟﻤﺤﺒﺔ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺨﻔﻴﻒ ﻓﻤﻦ اﻟﻤﺤﺎﺑﺎﺓ

تحفة الأحوذي (6/275)
ﻗﻮﻟﻪ (ﺗﻬﺎﺩﻭا) ﺑﻔﺘﺢ اﻟﺪاﻝ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﻬﺎﺩﻱ ﺑﻤﻌﻨﻰ اﻟﻤﻬﺎﺩاﺓ ﺃﻱ ﻟﻴﻌﻂ اﻟﻬﺪﻳﺔ ﻭﻳﺮﺳﻠﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﻀﻜﻢ ﻟﺒﻌﺾ

مرقاة المفاتيح (7/2971)
(ﻭﺗﻬﺎﺩﻭا) : ﺑﻔﺘﺢ اﻟﺘﺎء ﻭاﻟﺪاﻝ اﻟﻤﺨﻔﻔﺔ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﻬﺎﺩﻱ

حاشية البجيرمي على شرح المنهج (3/215)
ﻭﻗﻮﻟﻪ: ﺗﻬﺎﺩﻭا ﺑﻔﺘﺢ اﻟﺪاﻝ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻮا ﻭﺃﺻﻠﻪ ﺗﻬﺎﺩﻳﻮا ﺣﺬﻓﺖ ﺿﻤﺔ اﻟﻴﺎء ﻟﺜﻘﻠﻬﺎ ﺛﻢ ﺣﺬﻓﺖ اﻟﻴﺎء ﻻﻟﺘﻘﺎء اﻟﺴﺎﻛﻨﻴﻦ


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