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Du’aa in singular form when Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (R) was also present

Fatwaa ID: 2072

Assalamualykum mufti saheb .this dua was read by the Prophet(SAW) when Suraqa chased them. Why is it in singular form when Abu bakr(RA) was also with him.
[اللهم اكفنيهم بما شئت]

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

The du’aa you refer to is not the du’aa Rasulullaah ﷺ made during the hijrah journey when Sayyiduna Suraaqah (R), a non-Muslim then, pursued Rasulullah ﷺ and Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (R). Rather, that is the du’aa from the famous story of the boy and the monk. The du’aa of Rasulullaah ﷺ was ّاللهم اكْفِنَاهُ بِما شِئتَ. This is in the plural form and it is inclusive of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (R). It is worth noting that Allaah Ta’aala has quoted Rasulullaah ﷺ including Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (R) when he said, “Grieve not. Allaah is with us.”.”

(Musnad Ahmad 3, Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah 36610, Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan 6281, Sharh Mushkil al-Aathaar 4077)

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

07/17/1445 AH – 01/29/2024 CE | AML1-8765

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


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