Tuesday, May 21, 2024
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Du’aa in sujood, infamous fabricated Friday Hadith, reserved spot, missed tashahhud

Fatwaa ID: 684

Question:
Assalamu Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh. A range of questions…

  1. I know that when in sujood, we can’t make dua in any other language other than in Arabic, otherwise our salaah would break. Does this ruling of salaah breaking also apply to nafl salaah like tahajjud or salaat shukr? And if so, can we make dua in another language when doing sujood that is not in salaah. For example, sujood done when receiving good news…
  2. Certain hadith for duas are said to be weak, such as the Friday after Asr – 80 times salawat with 80 years sin forgiven, or the dua when looking in the mirror. I understand there is no harm in practising these duas at their appropriate times for the sake of gaining the reward of sending durood / practising a sunnah of making dua.

However, when these duas are posted as reminders in the Masjid (in this case every Friday after Asr / permanently stuck on the mirror), is this not giving the false impression that if these duas are recited the said virtue will be written for that person? Or maybe even they it becomes a bidah?

  1. There are elders who by virtue of being almost permanent fixtures at the Masjid for decades, mashaAllah TabarakAllah, tend to feel entitled to particular spots especially in the first saff! It may be good adab to vacate ‘their’ spot when asked to, but is it okay to politely decline, more to let them know they are wrong in reserving spots?
  2. In my 3rd rakaat, I realised I didn’t sit for qaidah after the 2nd rakaat.

a. Can I go down in qaidah and then do a sajdah sahw at the end?
b. Do I break my salaah and start again? If so, what are the steps for breaking salaah?
c. Do I complete the salaah and start again?
d. Do I do a sajdah sahw at the end without going into qaidah when I realised my mistake?

JazakAllah 🤲🏼🤲🏼🤲🏼

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

  1. Du’aa in salaah must be in Arabic only. This is applicable to all salaahs including nafl salaah. Any other language would render the salaah invalid. You may perform a non-salaah sajdah and make du’aa in any language there.
  2. If a Hadith is dha’eef/weak only and it is in regards to virtues, then it will be permissible to act upon it and also post it as reminders. Dha’eef does not mean false or fabricated as many assume.
    If the Hadith however is dha’eef jiddan/extremely weak, munkar or mawdhoo’/fabricated, then it is not permissible to act upon it as something established. Likewise, it is not permissible to post it up or remind others to act upon it.

The infamous 80 times salawaat on Friday after ‘Asr that you refer to is baseless. It is not permissible to attribute it to Nabi ﷺ. It is despicable to post up reminders for this in the masjids and other places. There are many other Ahaadith advising salawaat on Friday that are established and suitable for practice. One should act upon those instead and post them as reminders.

The du’aa for looking in the mirror is suitable for practice. This may be posted and shared.

  1. There is no reserved spot due to seniority or permanence. Whoever gets there first is entitled to that spot. If someone wants to sit in a certain spot, then he must come early. No one has the right to demand another person to give up his seat. You are in your right to refuse to give up the spot, but this should be done politely with wisdom.
  2. If you realized in your third rak’ah while you were already standing that you did not sit for tashahhud in the second rak’ah, then you will continue with your third rak’ah and make Sajdah Sahw at the end. You will not go back down.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

08/04/1444 AH – 02/24/2023 CE | AMG3-3424

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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