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End of Ishaa time, Non-Muslim praying, sunnah salaahs during khutbah, women traveling alone

Fatwaa ID: 2200

Question:
Salam w/ rahmatullah Sheikh Muaz

We had a few questions over the past few weeks and among them were the following:


Question 1: (Public facing)
What is the correct end time for Isha prayer?

Question 2: (Public facing)
If you weren’t born Muslim and have been praying (haven’t converted), do your prayers count?

Question 3: (Public facing)
Can you pray sunnah while the Jummah khutbah is taking place? If not, what if the khutbah takes place right after the adhan, leaving no time for sunnah? Can you pray 4 rakah and 2 rakah sunnah after the jummah pray then?

Question 4: (Private)
Are women allowed to go abroad for studies (med school) or just for travelling alone without a mehram. The Univeristy of Waterloo had a health brigade trip where students were able to go to a different country for research and to help out a devolpong area. I was wondering if women are allowed to go on such trips as there would be no mahram going with them. Additionally, for medical school, can women travel alone if they are going abroad for studies?


Please do let me know if there is a format/way of asking that would be more suitable.

JazaakAllah khair

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

  1. The time of ‘Ishaa comes to an end upon the commencement of the Fajr time. However, it is unadvisable to unnecessarily and habitually delay the ‘Ishaa Salaah until after midnight.
  2. The salaah of a non-Muslim does not count. Islam is an essential prerequisite for the validity of any act of worship.
  3. According to the Hanafi legal school, sunnah salaahs should not be performed once the khutbah starts. It is necessary to attentively listen to the khutbah; praying during the khutbah is contrary to that. The Shaafi’ee and Hanbali legal schools advise that sunnah should be performed even if the khutbah had started. A person is advised to follow the legal rulings of his madhab. If a Hanafi comes late and finds that the khutbah has started, then he may perform qadhaa of the missed pre-Jumu’ah sunnahs after the Jumu’ah salaah along with the post-Jumu’ah sunnahs, i.e., a total of ten rak’ahs of sunnahs. It should be noted that generally two adhaans are given for Jumu’ah. The khutbah starts after the second adhaan. One should try to come to the masjid before that.
  4. See the following fatwaa, https://askthemufti.us/sending-daughters-alone/

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

08/24/1445 AH – 03/05/2024 CE

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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