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Exploring abandoned houses

Fatwaa ID: 2131

Assalamu Alaikum Honored Shuyookh. I hope you are all well aameen. What is the ruling if one were to explore abandoned buildings in cities, as long as he does not cause any additional damage, desecration or vandalism? Furthermore, assuming it is permissible, would the ruling change if the City/District had a “No Trespassing” sign?

Barakallahu feekum.

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

Abandoned houses and buildings are properties of people. They are not public properties nor are they open to the public. It is not permissible to “explore” abandoned houses and buildings that are owned. The ruling remains the same whether there are signs affixed or not. Aside from the prohibition, one also risks getting in trouble and humiliation with the authorities. Likewise, these abandoned and deserted places may have become homes to other creations of Allaah Ta’aala. Unnecessarily bothering them may have adverse effects on a person.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

08/05/1445 AH – 02/15/2024 CE | AMG3-4389

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

النتف في الفتاوى (2/ 627)
عدم زوال الملك بالخراب
وكل أرض ملكها مسلم او ذمي لايزول ملكه عنها بخرابها

البناية شرح الهداية (12/ 279)
وقال الإمام الأسبيجابي في ” شرح الطحاوي “: الأصل أن من ملك شيئا من مسلم أو ذمي بأي سبب ملك، فإنه لا يزول ملكه عنه بالترك كما إذا ملك دارا أو أرضا ثم خربها فمضت عليه السنون والقرون فهو على ملك مالكه الأول لا تكون تلك الأرض موات.


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