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Fasting without suhoor

Fatwaa ID: 2082

Question:
assalamu alaikum,

I am confused about suhoor.

1) if it is sunnah to eat suhoor when fasting
2) if it is a sunnah to not eat anything for suhoor
3) or if both options are sunnah

This first hadith encourages eating suhoor, and the second hadith shows instances when suhoor was not eaten.

“Eat suhoor, for in suhoor there is blessing.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1923; Muslim, 1095)

Aisha reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said to me one day, “O Aisha, do you have anything to eat?” She said, “O Messenger of Allah, I have nothing.” The Prophet said, “Then I am fasting.” (Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1154)

JazakAllah khairan

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

It is from the emphasized sunnahs to eat suhoor. That was the general practice of Nabi ﷺ and he greatly encouraged it. There is barakah in it. However, it is not a prerequisite for the validity of a fast. The fast will be valid if someone did not eat suhoor before it.

There is no contradiction between the Ahaadith you quoted above. The second narration is where Nabi ﷺ made the intention later on during the early morning after the time of Fajr had already come in, i.e., after the time of suhoor had already passed. He could not have eaten suhoor then. I am not aware of any narration that suggests that Nabi ﷺ had the chance to eat suhoor but did not.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

07/20/1445 AH – 02/01/2024 CE | AMG1-3731

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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