Tuesday, June 25, 2024
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Fatihah for the deceased

Fatwaa ID: 1107

السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ ٱللَّٰه
Respected Mufti Sahabs

In Pakistan, when meeting someone to offer condolences for their relative passing away, the default custom is to recite “Fatiha” together (each person recites individually and silently) with hands raised. This consists of Durood Ibrahimi, Surah Fatiha, 3 times Surah Ikhlaas, and then Durood Ibrahimi again at the end. Is this method of praying for the deceased prescribed in our Deen? If not, is it suitable to participate in this practice given that it’s so widespread that most people consider it Sunnah? Or should one abstain in order to avoid promoting the incorrect belief about it? Also, is there any specific method prescribed for making Dua for the deceased when meeting their relatives for condolences? If not, how should we do so?

جَزاكَ ٱللَّٰهُ خَـيْراً

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

We take note of the details of your query. The above practice is not a sunnah. It is merely done as a form of eesaal thawaab for the deceased. It is permissible to act upon it. The general people should be educated and reminded that it not a sunnah.

You may refer to the following booklet for details on condolences: https://idauk.org/index.php/k2-content/item/32-taziyah-the-sunnah-method-of-consoling-the-bereaved.html.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


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