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Fidyah for missed fasts

Fatwaa ID: 2325

Question:
السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

  1. CAN SOMEONE PAY FIDYA FOR MISSED FASTS BY SLAUGHTERING A GOAT/SHEEP EQUIVALENT TO THE AMOUNT OF FIDYA HE’S SUPPOSED TO PAY AND THEN DISTRIBUTING THE MEAT TO THE POOR INSTEAD OF PAYING CASH?
  2. WHAT’S THE PREFERRED METHOD OF PAYING THE FIDYA OF MISSED FASTS?
  3. CAN SOMEONE PAY HIS FIDYA TO THE POOR OF ANOTHER COUNTRY OTHER THAN HIS OWN? IF YES, WILL HE FOLLOW THE FIDYA AMOUNT OF HIS HOME COUNTRY OR THE COUNTRY HE’S PAYING TO?

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

  1. In principle, if a person misses fasts of Ramadhan, then he must observe (make qadhaa) those fasts afterwards. It will not be sufficient for him to give fidyah unless he is physically unable to ever fast. Fidyah is only for those who are unable to physically fast, now nor later. This would generally be a person who is terminally ill or a weak elderly person. However, if they ever regain the ability to fast, then they will have to make qadhaa even if they had already paid fidyah. Nevertheless, in an applicable case, fidyah may be paid in cash. A person may slaughter an animal and distribute that to the poor instead of giving grains or its value (Sadaqah al-Fitr amount). However, it must be noted that there is no additional virtue or reward for doing that instead.
  2. The default method of fidyah is to give the grains or items as prescribed in Sadaqah al-Fitr. However, considering the practical nature of our time as well as that which is most beneficial for the poor, the cash value may be preferred.
  3. Yes. The fidyah, where applicable, may be given to the poor of another country. However, when doing so, the value in the donor’s place of residence will be considered, not the recipient’s.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

10/29/1445 AH – 05/08/2024 CE | 1019

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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