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Giving zakaah to someone on a monthly basis

Fatwaa ID: 1887

Question:
السلام عليكم ورحمةالله وبركاته
Respected Mufti

Please advise if its OK to give someone Zaakaat on a monthly basis, if they teach at an Islamic Centre but do not earn any income from there or elsewhere?

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

In principle, not earning an income does not by default make one eligible to receive zakaah. Rather, eligibility is determined by assessing the person’s zakaatable and non-essential wealth. If both together are valued at less than the nisaab threshold, then he/she will be eligible to receive zakaah.

Keeping the above in mind, a person’s financial condition will be assessed each time he is given zakaah. Thus, if he is given zakaah every month, then the donor will have to ensure that he is eligible each time. One assessment may not be sufficient as he may not always be eligible.

Alternatively, the amount for the entire year may be given to him at once when he is eligible but then kept in the trust of a third party with his consent. The third party will then give him an amount proportionately every month or as needed. The recipient will however have ownership of the entire amount from day one. Depending on the amount, this may prevent him from accepting zakaah from elsewhere or it may even make him liable to pay zakaah.

In terms of the donor, it should be noted that he must take out and discharge his entire zakaah amount on his zakaah date or before. He cannot discharge it throughout the year after his zakaah date.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

04/24/1445 AH – 11/08/2023 CE | AML3-3773

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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