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Grave marker/identification

Fatwaa ID: 2351

Assalamu alaikum. What is ideal for Muslim grave identification? Is Arabic or English text allowed, ex: Basmalah and kalimah ayats on stone near the deceased head position. Can We write name and date of birth/death date? Is this allowed or not on graveyard stones? If no name or identification is allowed, what else can we do to identify the deceased grave location?

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

The Shari’ah has permitted for a simple grave marker for identification purposes. This may be a simple name tag/plate or stone. Tombstones and elaborate structures as seen nowadays is not permissible. The only writing permitted on the grave marker is essential information necessary for identification, such as the name of the deceased, his date of birth and death and the grave number. It is not permissible to add the basmalah, the kalimah, Qur’anic verses, etc. Obviously, all other things on it would be incorrect.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

11/06/1445 AH – 05/14/2024 CE | 1071

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

حاشية ابن عابدين (2/238)
فإن الكتابة طريق إلى تعرف القبر بها، نعم يظهر أن محل هذا الإجماع العملي على الرخصة فيها ما إذا كانت الحاجة داعية إليه في الجملة كما أشار إليه في المحيط بقوله وإن احتيج إلى الكتابة، حتى لا يذهب الأثر ولا يمتهن فلا بأس به. فأما الكتابة بغير عذر فلا اهـ حتى إنه يكره كتابة شيء عليه من القرآن أو الشعر أو إطراء مدح له ونحو ذلك حلية ملخصا


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