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Hadith query: Women visiting graves

Fatwaa ID: 1655

Question:
Mufti saheb, someone told me about a Hadeeth wherein: Fatima RAD returns to the house from visiting the bereaved, Nabi SAW asks her where she is returning from, and she answers Him, Nabi SAW then responds something to the effect “if you where returning from the graveyard……..”

How authentic is this Hadeeth mufti saheb?

And what exactly did happen here?

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

The hadith you are referring to is as follows:

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، قَالَ بَيْنَمَا نَحْنُ نَسِيرُ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ إِذْ بَصُِرَ بِامْرَأَةٍ لاَ تَظُنُّ أَنَّهُ عَرَفَهَا فَلَمَّا تَوَسَّطَ الطَّرِيقَ وَقَفَ حَتَّى انْتَهَتْ إِلَيْهِ فَإِذَا فَاطِمَةُ بِنْتُ رَسُولِ اللهِ ﷺ قَالَ لَهَا ‏”‏ مَا أَخْرَجَكِ مِنْ بَيْتِكِ يَا فَاطِمَةُ؟ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ أَتَيْتُ أَهْلَ هَذَا الْمَيِّتِ فَتَرَحَّمْتُ إِلَيْهِمْ وَعَزَّيْتُهُمْ بِمَيِّتِهِمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ لَعَلَّكِ بَلَغْتِ مَعَهُمُ الْكُدَى ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ مَعَاذَ اللهِ أَنْ أَكُونَ بَلَغْتُهَا وَقَدْ سَمِعْتُكَ تَذْكُرُ فِي ذَلِكَ مَا تَذْكُرُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَهَا ‏”‏ لَوْ بَلَغْتِهَا مَعَهُمْ مَا رَأَيْتِ الْجَنَّةَ حَتَّى يَرَاهَا جَدُّ أَبِيكِ ‏”‏ .‏
قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ رَبِيعَةُ ضَعِيفٌ ‏

‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (R) narrates, “While we were walking with Rasulullaah ﷺ, he noticed a woman, and she did not think that he recognized her. When she was halfway to him, he stopped until she reached him, and it was Faatimah, the daughter of the Rasulullaah ﷺ. He said to her: ‘What brought you out of your house, O Faatimah?’ She said: ‘I came to the people of this deceased one to pray for mercy (for the deceased) for them, and to offer my condolences to them.’ He said: ‘Perhaps you went with them to Al-Kuda (cemetery)?” She said: ‘Allah forbid that I should go there after I heard what you had said about that.’ He said: If you had gone there with them, you would never have seen Paradise until the grandfather of your father saw it.” [Nasaai 1880]

The authenticity of this hadith is debated. Furthermore, this hadith, if suitable for practice, is abrogated. Nabi ﷺ had initially prohibited the people from visiting the graves due to the haraam and evil that was in vogue. Thereafter, he permitted the men only to visit and thereafter he permitted everyone. This incident perhaps took place when prohibition was the law. Sayyidah Faatimah (R) clarified that she did not violate the law.

It should be noted that women are permitted to visit the graveyards provided that they adhere to the laws of hijaab and maintain their composure.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

01/30/1445 AH – 08/17/2023 CE | 558

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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