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Hands of a woman are napak

Fatwaa ID: 2155

Question:
Asalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Respected Mufti Sahab, it’s a popular belief back home in India that the hands of a woman are ‘Napaak’ when she gets up in the morning. So if she touches anything with them without washing her hands, all those things become ‘Napaak’. For Example, a woman gets up at Fajr, if she wants to take water using mug from a bucket of water and by mistake her hand touches the water in the bucket, the whole water of the bucket becomes impure and cannot be used for ‘Paaki’ purposes.
How far is this belief right as in, the case of hands of a woman in Haidh or in the state of Janabah, where she is considered ‘impure’ or is this belief right in normal times too, when she is considered ‘pure’?

JazakAllahu Khairan.

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

The above belief is baseless and unIslamic. It is misogynistic and may find its base in Hindu traditions. The hands of woman are not na-paak/impure. This is whether she is in her haydh or tuhr days. Her hands are pure in the morning and other times. Her touching of something would not make it impure unless there is physical impurity on her hand. That would be applicable to men as well.

It is worth noting that Nabi ﷺ advised us, both men and women, to wash our hands after waking up from sleep. One does not know what he may have touched while asleep. However, not washing the hands first would not mean that he cannot touch something else.

If one is in the state of janaabah (major ritual impurity), then he should not dip his hand into a bucket of water. He should take water in a mug and wash the hands first. This is applicable to both, men and women. If however the water is touched while in the state of janaabah, it will not become najis/impure. The water will still be pure and permissible to use for purification unless there was physical impurity on the hand.

We wish to point out that when a woman is menstruating, she is in a state of ritual impurity, not physical impurity. She can touch and do things as usual.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

08/07/1445 AH – 02/17/2024 CE | 860

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


الأصل (1/26)
ﻗﻠﺖ ﺃﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﺟﻨﺒﺎ ﺃﺭاﺩ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻐﺘﺴﻞ ﻓﺄﺩﺧﻞ ﻳﺪﻩ ﻓﻲ اﻹﻧﺎء ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻐﺴﻠﻬﺎ ﺛﻢ اﻏﺘﺴﻞ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ اﻟﻤﺎء ﻫﻞ ﻳﺠﺰﻳﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺇﻥ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻳﺪﻩ ﻗﺬﺭ اﺟﺰاﻩ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻳﺪﻩ ﻗﺬﺭ ﻟﻢ ﻳﺠﺰﻩ

المبسوط للسرخسي (1/52)
(ﻭﺇﻥ ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ﺟﻨﺐ، ﺃﻭ ﺣﺎﺋﺾ، ﺃﻭ ﻣﺤﺪﺙ ﻳﺪﻩ ﻓﻲ اﻹﻧﺎء ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻐﺴﻠﻬﺎ، ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻗﺬﺭ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻔﺴﺪ اﻟﻤﺎء اﺳﺘﺤﺴﺎﻧﺎ) ، ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻔﺴﺪﻩ؛ ﻷﻥ اﻟﺤﺪﺙ ﺯاﻝ ﻋﻦ ﻳﺪﻩ ﺑﺈﺩﺧﺎﻟﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻹﻧﺎء ﻓﻲﺻﻴﺮ اﻟﻤﺎء ﻣﺴﺘﻌﻤﻼ ﻛﺎﻟﻤﺎء اﻟﺬﻱ ﻏﺴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻳﺪﻩ، ﻭﺟﻪ اﻻﺳﺘﺤﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺭﻭﻱ ﺃﻥ اﻟﻤﻬﺮاﺱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻮﺿﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺏ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ اﻟﻠﻪ – ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ -، ﻭﻓﻲﻫﺎ ﻣﺎء ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ اﻟﺼﻔﺔ – ﺭﺿﻮاﻥ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ – ﻳﻐﺘﺮﻓﻮﻥ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻟﻠﻮﺿﻮء ﺑﺄﻳﺪﻳﻬﻢ، ﻭﻷﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺑﻠﻮﻯ، ﻭﺿﺮﻭﺭﺓ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻻ ﻳﺠﺪ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻳﻐﺘﺮﻑ ﺑﻪ اﻟﻤﺎء ﻣﻦ اﻹﻧﺎء اﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﻓﻲﺟﻌﻞ ﻳﺪﻩ ﻷﺟﻞ اﻟﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﻛﺎﻟﻤﻐﺮﻓﺔ، ﻭﺇﺫا ﺛﺒﺖ ﻫﺬا ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺤﺪﺙ ﻓﻜﺬﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﻨﺐ، ﻭاﻟﺤﺎﺋﺾ ﻟﻤﺎ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ – ﺭﺿﻲ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ – ﺃﻧﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ «ﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﻏﺘﺴﻞ ﺃﻧﺎ، ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻝ اﻟﻠﻪ – ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ – ﻣﻦ ﺇﻧﺎء ﻭاﺣﺪ ﻓﺮﺑﻤﺎ ﺑﺪﺃﺕ ﺃﻧﺎ، ﻭﺭﺑﻤﺎ ﺑﺪﺃ ﻫﻮ، ﻭﻛﻨﺖ ﺃﻗﻮﻝ ﺃﺑﻖ ﻟﻲ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺑﻖ ﻟﻲ» ، ﻭﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ – ﺭﺣﻤﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ – ﻓﻲ اﻷﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺇﺫا ﺃﺩﺧﻞ اﻟﺠﻨﺐ ﻳﺪﻩ، ﺃﻭ ﺭﺟﻠﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﺌﺮ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻔﺴﺪﻩ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ﺭﺟﻠﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻹﻧﺎء ﺃﻓﺴﺪﻩ، ﻭﻫﺬا ﻟﻤﻌﻨﻰ اﻟﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﻓﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﺌﺮ اﻟﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ اﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻟﻄﻠﺐ اﻟﺪﻟﻮ ﻓﺠﻌﻞ ﻋﻔﻮا، ﻭﻓﻲ اﻹﻧﺎء اﻟﺤﺎﺟﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺇﺩﺧﺎﻝ اﻟﻴﺪ ﻓﻼ ﺗﺠﻌﻞ اﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻋﻔﻮا ﻓﻲﻫ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﺃﺩﺧﻞ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﺌﺮ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺟﺴﺪﻩ ﺳﻮﻯ اﻟﻴﺪ، ﻭاﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺃﻓﺴﺪﻩ؛ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻻ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ.

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