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Houses of Nabi ﷺ after his demise and inheritance

Fatwaa ID: 2313

Can mufti sab please let me know how did the wives of the Prophet Sallalahu alayhi wa sallam stay living in their houses after he passed away? how does it work in terms of inheritance in Islam? (second property/assets etc)

Jazzakallahu khair

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

There are two issues in your query: the houses of Nabi ﷺ and inheritance of properties in general. The answers are as follows:

  1. The houses of the noble wives of Nabi ﷺ belonged to them. They did not belong to Nabi ﷺ. He had built them and gifted them to his noble wives. Their ownership is understood from the Qur’anic verses where Allaah Ta’aala refers to them as their houses. Likewise, when mentioning belongings that he ﷺ left behind, the homes were not included. Anything he ﷺ left behind would go to charity; the estate of a Nabi is not inherited.
  2. For other than Nabi ﷺ, the properties of the deceased will all form part of his/her estate and be distributed amongst the heirs as outlined by the Shari’ah. This includes the primary home, family home, secondary home and all other properties and assets. The wife does not inherit the entire house on virtue of being the wife. She will receive her rightful share from the estate only. The exact percentage depends on who the deceased is survived by.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

10/26/1445 AH – 05/05/2024 CE | AML1-10063

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


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