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How come Prophets Nooh ﷺ and Loot ﷺ did not divorce their wives

Fatwaa ID: 2040

Assalamualaikum warahmatulahi wabarkathu

I feel this life is a test, and the people in our life are tests too, like our parents, siblings, relatives… Etc the things which we don’t decide for overselves, like our family by birth, the era we are born in, gender, Appreance etc might not be perfect, but has a devine wisdom behind it from lord, nd is also a part of the life’s test. I just accept the relations I haven’t decided myself however they are, im very conscious about the bonds I choose like friends, my future wife etc. If we could choose our wifes, why didn’t our prophet lut and Nuh As divorce their disbiliving wife and marry someone else. Like Nuh As son was disobedient but he was a part of him and he couldn’t just cancel that bond made by his lord, but what about their wife, they could have married someone else too, did they ? If they didn’t, why didn’t they ? Firaun was married to a righteous wife Asiya ( im not sure of her name) , she couldn’t have taken a khula from him, coz he was the ruler back then and he would have killed her. But prophets lut and nuh (as) had the options why didn’t they marry someone else ?

Jazakallah khair.

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

We take note of the details of your query. We would like to point out however that it is from the etiquettes of asking a fatwaa that you ask your question directly without putting in your own thoughts or perception. Likewise, it is futile to ask questions that are not beneficial or relevant to you.

Nevertheless, before we answer your question, we wish to clarify that this life is but a test. There is no doubt in that. Allaah Ta’aala has expressly told us that. What you feel in this regard is irrelevant. You must accept the established matters of Islam.

We commend you for your consciousness in choosing your friends and your planned consciousness in choosing your future wife. These have a great impact on the life of a person. They may be a means of guidance or deviance for a person.

In regards to the wives of Sayyiduna Nooh ﷺ and Sayyiduna Loot ﷺ and why they kept them in their marriage until the very end, some of the exegetes have opined that the two women were hypocrites/munaafiqs. They would outwardly profess faith but they kept their disbelief hidden. The two prophets kept them in their marriage because of what was apparent. Another possibility is that it may have been permissible in some of the previous Shari’ahs to remain married with non-Muslim women. A third possibility is that the two women did believe in Allaah Ta’aala but their actions were that which resulted in them being out of the fold of Islam. This only came to light and was confirmed at the end when the punishment came down.

Irrespective of what the case was, we know and believe that whatever the two prophets did were right as they were divinely inspired. Moreover, this is not an issue of ‘aqeedah so it is futile for us to delve into it. We will not be questioned regarding this on the Day of Judgment.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

07/01/1445 AH – 01/13/2024 CE | AMG3-4332

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

سورة التحريم ءاية 10
ضَرَبَ ٱللَّهُ مَثَلࣰا لِّلَّذِینَ كَفَرُوا۟ ٱمۡرَأَتَ نُوحࣲ وَٱمۡرَأَتَ لُوطࣲۖ كَانَتَا تَحۡتَ عَبۡدَیۡنِ مِنۡ عِبَادِنَا صَـٰلِحَیۡنِ فَخَانَتَاهُمَا فَلَمۡ یُغۡنِیَا عَنۡهُمَا مِنَ ٱللَّهِ شَیۡـࣰٔا وَقِیلَ ٱدۡخُلَا ٱلنَّارَ مَعَ ٱلدَّ ٰ⁠خِلِینَ ۝١٠

تفسير البغوي
وَقَالَ الْكَلْبِيُّ: أَسَرَّتَا النِّفَاقَ وَأَظْهَرَتَا الْإِيمَانَ.

تفسير ابن الجوزي
وقالَ السُّدِّيُّ: كانَتْ خِيانَتُهُما: كُفْرُهُما.
وَقالَ الضَّحّاكُ: نَمِيمَتُهُما. وقالَ ابْنُ السّائِبِ: نِفاقُهُما.

تفسير الماوردي
في خِيانَتِهِما أرْبَعَةُ أوْجُهٍ:
أحَدُها: أنَّهُما كانَتا كافِرَتَيْنِ، فَصارَتا خائِنَتَيْنِ بِالكُفْرِ، قالَهُ السُّدِّيُّ.
الثّانِي: مُنافِقَتَيْنِ تُظْهِرانِ الإيمانَ وتَسْتُرانِ الكَفْرَ، وهَذِهِ خِيانَتُهُما قالَ ابْنُ عَبّاسٍ: ما بَغَتِ امْرَأةُ نَبِيٍّ قَطُّ، إنَّما كانَتْ خِيانَتُهُما في الدِّينِ.
الثّالِثُ: أنَّ خِيانَتَهُما النَّمِيمَةُ، إذا أوْحى اللَّهُ تَعالى إلَيْهِما [شَيْئًا] أفْشَتاهُ إلى المُشْرِكِينَ، قالَهُ الضَّحّاكُ.
الرّابِعُ: أنَّ خِيانَةَ امْرَأةِ نُوحٍ أنَّها كانَتْ تُخْبِرُ النّاسَ أنَّهُ مَجْنُونٌ، وإذا آمَنَ أحَدٌ بِهِ
اخْبَرَتِ الجَبابِرَةَ بِهِ، وخِيانَةُ امْرَأةِ لُوطٍ أنَّهُ كانَ إذا نَزَلَ بِهِ ضَيْفٌ دَخَّنَتْ لِتُعْلِمَ قَوْمَها أنَّهُ قَدْ نَزَلَ بِهِ ضَيْفٌ، لِما كانُوا عَلَيْهِ مِن إتْيانِ الرِّجالِ.

تفسير الرازي
البَحْثُ الثّانِي: ما كانَتْ خِيانَتُهُما ؟ نَقُولُ: نِفاقُهُما وإخْفاؤُهُما الكُفْرَ، وتَظاهُرُهُما عَلى الرَّسُولَيْنِ، فامْرَأةُ نُوحٍ قالَتْ لِقَوْمِهِ: إنَّهُ لَمَجْنُونٌ، وامْرَأةُ لُوطٍ كانَتْ تُدِلُّ عَلى نُزُولِ ضَيْفِ إبْراهِيمَ، ولا يَجُوزُ أنْ تَكُونَ خِيانَتُهُما بِالفُجُورِ، وعَنِ ابْنِ عَبّاسٍ: ”ما بَغَتِ امْرَأةُ نَبِيٍّ قَطُّ“، وقِيلَ: خِيانَتُهُما في الدِّينِ.


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