Fatwaa ID: 903
Assalamualaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatahu Mufti saab,
This shaykh was explaining this hadith qudsi in a lecture and the hadith is the following:
يا اِبنَ آدمَ خَلَقتُكَ لِلعِبَادةَ فَلا تَلعَب , وَقسَمتُ لَكَ رِزقُكَ فَلا تَتعَب , فَإِن رَضِيتَ بِمَا قَسَمتُهُ لَكَ أَرَحتَ قَلبَكَ وَبَدنَكَ ، وكُنتَ عِندِي مَحمُوداً , وإِن لَم تَرضَ بِمَا قَسَمتُهُ لَكَ فَوَعِزَّتِي وَجَلالِي لأُسَلِّطَنَّ عَلَيكَ الدُنيَا تَركُضُ فِيهَا رَكضَ الوُحوش فِي البَريَّةَ ، ثُمَّ لاَ يَكُونُ لَكَ فِيهَا إِلا مَا قَسَمتُهُ لَكَ ، وَكُنتَ عِندِي مَذمُومَا
My question is…is this a reliable hadith qudsi? One mentioned that this hadith is not in the kutub al-sittah. Please kindly advise Jazakumullah khair
The translation of the hadith qudsi:
“O son of Adam! I created you to worship me so do not behave in a casual irresponsible way. I have already distributed your sustenance so do not over exert yourself. If you are happy and content with what I have allotted to you, your heart and body will be at ease and you will regarded as praiseworthy according to me. If you are not happy with what I have allotted to you, then I will shower the world upon you, you will run around like a wild animal in the desert but you will still only receive what I have allotted for you and you will be regarded as blameworthy”
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.
At the outset, we wish to clarify that just because a Hadith is not found in the Kutub as-Sittah, it does not mean by default that it is inauthentic. There are many Ahaadith that are authentic but found elsewhere. It is the chain of transmission and other factors that determine the authenticity.
Nevertheless, the narration in question is perhaps an Israelite narration. It is not a Hadith of Nabi ﷺ and may not be attributed to him. Some scholars suggest that this is narrated from Ka’b al-Ahbaar (R) who narrates it from the Torah. However, there is a similar Hadith narrated from Nabi ﷺ that echoes the meaning,
إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى يَقُولُ : يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ ! تَفَرَّغْ لِعِبَادَتِي أَمْلَأْ صَدْرَكَ غِنًى ، وَأَسُدَّ فَقْرَكَ ، وَإِلاَّ تَفْعَلْ مَلَأْتُ يَدَيْكَ شُغْلاً ، وَلَمْ أَسُدَّ فَقْرَكَ
“Indeed Allah, Most High said, ‘O son of Adam! Devote yourself to My worship, I will fill your chest with riches and alleviate your poverty. And if you do not do so, then I will fill your hands with problems and never alleviate your poverty.'” [Tirmidhi 2466]
And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
08/30/1444 AH – 03/22/2023 CE | AMG1-2901
وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين
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