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Iddah of a widow

Fatwaa ID: 1631

Question:
السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُم وَ رَحْمَةُ الله ِ و َ بَرَكَاتُهُ

Mufti sahab, a lady is requesting guidance on the following questions;

Q1- Is it permissible for a widow who lives in Edmonton with her son, to observe her iddah in Toronto with her married daughter in her home?

Q2- If she observes her iddah in her own home with her son in Edmonton but travels to Toronto with a mahram to attend her other daughter’s Nikaah and then returns with her mahram back to Edmonton to complete her iddah, would this be permissible?

Q3- If her daughter’s nikaah takes place in a masjid, would it then be permissible for her to be a part of the Nikaah ceremony while in iddah?

Q4- She is a 52 year old widow who has had no haidh for over a year now and the doctors consider her a menopausal woman. Can she work during iddah?
( If she doesn’t work, she can still survive financially during her iddah but she thinks for her mental health it’s better she continues to work and her workplace involves hardly any interaction with males since she deals with children. )

(She resides in Edmonton with her husband (who passed away recently) and a baaligh son. The distance between city of Edmonton (province of Alberta) and Toronto city (province of Ontario) is around 3000 kilometres.)

جَزَاك الله ُ خَيْراً
Mufti Sahab a small additional detail –

This lady’s son is also expecting a transfer notice to either Montreal city or Toronto city from his work in October (half way through her iddah).

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

  1. No. A widow must observe her ‘iddah in her marital home unless there is a genuine need. In the enquired situation, we understand that the marital home was the son’s place. The son is taking care of her needs. It is thus necessary for her to observe her ‘iddah there in Edmonton. She cannot move elsewhere.
  2. A widow may go out during the daytime and return by nightfall. If she can attend the nikaah during that time, then she will be permitted to go. If it requires her to spend the night or a few days, then that will not be permissible. While at the nikaah, she must refrain from beautifying herself.
  3. A widow in ‘iddah may enter a masjid during the day time when she is permitted to go out. Thus, she may attend the nikaah ceremony during the day. She must return home by nightfall.
  4. The ‘iddah of a widow is not affected by a woman being menopausal. Nevertheless, if her work is during the day, then she may continue working although it is better for her to take that time off. In all cases, she is obligated to refrain from beautifying herself. One of the purposes of this ‘iddah is to mourn the loss of a great bounty, her husband.
  5. If there is a genuine need to move during the ‘iddah, such as the family moving out and no one being present to attend to her, then she would be excused to relocate then.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

01/28/1445 AH – 08/15/2023 CE | AML1-8187

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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