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Ijaazah and sanad

Fatwaa ID: 1874

Question:
Asalamu’alaikum mufti, I have the following questions
1 is there a difference between a Sanad and an ijaza?
2 do you really need an ijaza to teach the Koran?
3 are there any reputable institutes/people in the USA that you know of that give ijaza in hifz?
4 is there a way that you can verify the authenticity of an ijaza?

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

  1. Generally, ijaazah and sanad are synonymous. In an ijaazah, the full sanad/chain of transmission may or may not be mentioned. In a sanad however, the chain will usually be mentioned.
  2. This depends on what exactly you are teaching. However, in all cases, the teacher must be trained and qualified to teach. The ijaazah serves as a proclamation of the teacher’s qualifications.
    Unfortunately, nowadays we find laities who can’t even read Qur’aan themselves teaching. That is haraam. The ijaazah allows us to recognize who is qualified and who is not. It’s a license.
  3. There is no such thing as “ijaazah” in Hifz. When mentioned by someone, it may simply refer to a certificate stating that a student has completed his/her hifz. That is not a license or permission of any sort.
    An ijaazah/sanad is acquired when a person recites the entire Qur’aan, cover to cover, withcorrect Tajweed to a teacher who possesses ijaazah/sanad. When the teacher finds the student to be deserving, he will authorize him with an ijaazah. That is a link back to Nabi ﷺ.
    Most traditional institutes and traditionally trained scholars will have ijaazah in the Qur’aan, via the narration of Hafs and/or the other Qira’at. This can be acquired privately or under an institution.
  4. Generally, a teacher and/or institute will document the names of his/her students. Ijaazah should only be acquired from honest and reputable teachers.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

04/18/1445 AH – 11/02/2023 CE | AML3-3770

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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