Thursday, February 9, 2023
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Istisnaa’ business

Fatwaa ID: 287

Question:
salaam,

is the following business halal?

1) A supplier makes Foot ball t shirts with personalised names.
2) a middle man advertises those shirts for sale.
3) a customer then purchases the shirts from the middle man and pays him.
4) after purchase, the middle man informs the supplier, who makes the T-shirt and pays for it.
5) the T shirt is sent to the middle man who passes it onto the customer, or the supplier posts it directly to the customer.

if this is not permissible, what tweaks / changes could be made to make it permissible

Jazakalla

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

We take note of the details of your query. In step 5, it will not be permissible for the supplier to deliver it to the customer directly unless there is a third person who may assume position of the item first on behalf of the middleman. Aside from this, it will be necessary to let the customer know that the seller/middleman does not have the item yet; the order will only be fulfilled once ordered. If the above two things are corrected, then the business will be permissible.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

06/12/1444 AH – 01/05/2023 CE | AML1-6784

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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