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Masbooq becoming the imaam

Fatwaa ID: 2010

Question:
As-Salamualikum

Can a masbooq become the imaam for the same salah?
In other words, if a person joined the jamaat late, when he stands up to complete his missed rakats, someone else come to join him?

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

According to the Hanafi legal school, a masbooq cannot become the imaam of the salaah wherein he was a muqtadee. The salaah of the Hanafi followers behind him would be invalid. It should be noted that some of the other legal schools permit it. Thus, if a congregation is going on where such a masbooq is the imaam, then the Hanafi should not join.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

06/19/1445 AH – 01/02/2024 CE | AMG1-3686

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


المحيط البرهاني في الفقه النعماني (1/428)
وكان الشيخ الإمام أبو عبد الله يقول: أصحابنا جعلوا المسبوق فيما يقضي كالمنفرد إلا في ثلاث مسائل.
إحداها: أنه إذا قام إلى قضاء ما سبق به فجاء إنسان واقتدى به لا يصح اقتداؤه، ولو كان كالمنفرد يصح اقتداؤه، كما لو كان منفرداً حقيقة.
الثانية: إذا قام إلى قضاء ما سبق به فكبّر ونوى استئناف تلك الصلاة وقطعها يصير مسابقاً وقاطعاً، ولو كان كالمنفرد لما صار مسابقاً وقاطعاً، كما لو كان منفرداً حقيقة.
الثالثة: إذا قام إلى قضاء ما سبق وعلى الإمام سجدتا السهو فعليه أن يتابعه ولو لم يتابعه حتى فرغ من صلاته كان عليه أن يسجد سجدتي السهو، ولو كان كالمنفرد لكان لما تلزمه سجدتا السهو، بسهو سهاه الإمام.

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