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My Lord and My Lady in courts

Fatwaa ID: 1428

Aslm moulana
I’m a second year Law student at one of the universities here in Lusaka, inshaAllah I intend to practice in court after my completion…(by the fadhl of Allah)

I had a question regarding the fatwa surrounding the legal language that we use in court…

In court the use of language is crucial and important in ensuring professionalism and respect in the legal process…
Particularly the tittles of each person in the court room…
In the higher courts in Zambia the judges are referred to as “my Lord “ or “My Lady” depending on the gender and the size of the bench ( the rank of the judges)….

My question therefore is whether or not as a Muslim practicing law is permitted to use such language without stepping out of the limits of our deen?

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

May Allaah Ta’aala bless you in your studies with khayr and ‘aafiyah.

According to the Oxford dictionary, the word “lord” refers to someone or something having power, authority or influence. It does not necessarily denote divinity. The word “lord” is used in many non-divine contexts such as landlord, warlord, king or royal. Sayyiduna Yusuf ﷺ used the Arabic equivalent, rabb, to refer to the ruler of Egypt. Accordingly, it will be permissible to use “my Lord” and “my Lady” in the courts when addressing the judges. This usage is customary and does not denote divinity.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

12/19/1444 AH – 07/07/2023 CE

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


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