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Name of Allaah when slaughtering

Fatwaa ID: 1871

Question:
Assalamu alaikum
If you do a kurbani yourself is saying bismillah Allahu akbar sufficient or do you have to say the full bismillahhirahmanir raheem Allah hu akbar

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

When slaughtering an animal, it is sufficient to say “Bismillaah”. It is mustahabb, not necessary, to add ” Allaahu Akbar” or “Wallaahu Akbar”. If someone wishes to say the full basmalah, then that is permissible. However, it is not necessary.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

04/15/1445 AH – 10/30/2023 CE | AMG3-4211

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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درر الحكام شرح غرر الأحكام (1/279)
غرر: (ﻭاﻟﻤﺸﻬﻮﺭ) اﻟﻤﺘﺪاﻭﻝ ﻓﻲ اﻷﻟﺴﻨﺔ (ﻭﻫﻮ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻭاﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ) ﻣﻨﻘﻮﻝ ﻋﻦ اﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ – ﺭﺿﻲ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ
درر: (ﻗﻮﻟﻪ: ﻣﻨﻘﻮﻝ ﻋﻦ اﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ) ﺧﺒﺮ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﻭاﻟﻤﺸﻬﻮﺭ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻘﺘﻀﻲ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻮﻑ ﻋﻠﻰ اﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻭﻗﺪﻣﻪ اﻟﻤﺼﻨﻒ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ – ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ -.
ﻭﻗﺎﻝ اﻟﺰﻳﻠﻌﻲ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺇﻧﻪ ﻣﻨﻘﻮﻝ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ – ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ -، ﻭﻋﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻭاﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ اﻩـ ﻓﻴﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﺐ ﻭﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﺡ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺬﺧﻴﺮﺓ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ اﻟﺒﻘﺎﻟﻲ ﻭاﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺑﺴﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻭاﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ، ﻭﺫﻛﺮ ﺷﻤﺲ اﻷﺋﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﻠﻮاﻧﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺷﺮﺡ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ اﻟﺼﻴﺪ ﺑﺴﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ اﻟﻮاﻭ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻭﻣﻊ اﻟﻮاﻭ ﻳﻜﺮﻩ؛ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻳﻘﻄﻊ ﻓﻮﺭ اﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ. اﻩـ.

الجوهرة النيرة (2/181)
ﻭﺻﻮﺭﺓ اﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ: ﺑﺴﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻭاﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ.
ﻭﻗﺎﻝ اﻟﺤﻠﻮاﻧﻲ: ﺑﺴﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ اﻟﻮاﻭ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺑﺴﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ اﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ اﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ ﻓﻬﻮ ﺣﺴﻦ، ﻭاﻟﺸﺮﻁ ﻫﻮ اﻟﺬﻛﺮ اﻟﺨﺎﻟﺺ اﻟﻤﺠﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ اﺑﻦ ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺟﺮﺩﻭا اﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻟﻮ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ اﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ اﻟﻠﻪﻣ اﻏﻔﺮ ﻟﻲ ﻟﻢ ﺗﺆﻛﻞ ﻷﻧﻪ ﺩﻋﺎء ﻭﺳﺆاﻝ، ﻭﻟﻮ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻥ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﻭ اﻟﺤﻤﺪ ﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﻭ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ اﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﺃﺟﺰﺃﻩ ﻷﻥ اﻟﻤﺄﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺫﻛﺮ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻪ اﻟﺘﻌﻈﻴﻢ، ﻭﻟﻮ ﻋﻄﺲ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺬﺑﺢ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: اﻟﺤﻤﺪ ﻟﻠﻪ ﻻ ﻳﺠﺰﻳﻪ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﻛﺬا ﺇﺫا ﻗﺎﻝ: اﻟﺤﻤﺪ ﻟﻠﻪ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ اﻟﺸﻜﺮ ﺩﻭﻥ اﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﻻ ﺗﺆﻛﻞ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﻣﻊ اﺳﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: ﺑﺴﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ اﻟﻠﻪ، ﻭاﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻭﺟﻪ ﺃﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺬﻛﺮﻩ ﻣﻮﺻﻮﻻ ﻟﻪ ﻻ ﻣﻌﻄﻮﻓﺎ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: ﻣﺎ ﺫﻛﺮﻧﺎ ﻓﻬﺬا ﻳﻜﺮﻩ ﻭﻻ ﺗﺤﺮﻡ اﻟﺬﺑﻴﺤﺔ، ﻭاﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺬﻛﺮﻩ ﻣﻌﻄﻮﻓﺎ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: ﺑﺴﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺑﻜﺴﺮ اﻟﺪاﻝ ﻓﺘﺤﺮﻡ اﻟﺬﺑﻴﺤﺔ ﻷﻧﻪ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻟﻐﻴﺮ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ.
ﻭاﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ: ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻣﻔﺼﻮﻻ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﻭﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﻭﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻀﺠﻊ اﻟﺬﺑﻴﺤﺔ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻻ ﺑﺄﺱ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻗﺎﻝ – ﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﺴﻼﻡ – «ﻣﻮﺿﻌﺎﻥ ﻻ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻓﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺬﺑﻴﺤﺔ ﻭﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻌﻄﺎﺱ» ﻭﺇﻥ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﺴﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺗﺆﻛﻞ، ﻭاﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺫﻟﻚ

رد المحتار على الدر المختار (6/302)
در: (ﻭاﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺐ) (ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺑﺴﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﺑﻼ ﻭاﻭ، ﻭﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﻬﺎ) ﻷﻧﻪ ﻳﻘﻄﻊ ﻓﻮﺭ اﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻋﺰاﻩ اﻟﺰﻳﻠﻌﻲ ﻟﻠﺤﻠﻮاﻧﻲ ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻠﻪ: ﻭاﻟﻤﺘﺪاﻭﻝ اﻟﻤﻨﻘﻮﻝ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ – ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ – ﺑﺎﻟﻮاﻭ.
در: (ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﻭاﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺑﺴﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ) ﺑﺈﻇﻬﺎﺭ اﻟﻬﺎء، ﻓﺈﻥ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻈﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺇﻥ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺫﻛﺮ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻳﺤﻞ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻘﺼﺪ ﻭﻗﺼﺪ ﺗﺮﻙ اﻟﻬﺎء ﻻ ﻳﺤﻞ ﺃﺗﻘﺎﻧﻲ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔ (ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﻷﻧﻪ ﻳﻘﻄﻊ ﻓﻮﺭ اﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ) ﻗﺎﻝ اﻷﺗﻘﺎﻧﻲ: ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ اﻩـ. ﻭﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﺄﺗﻲ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻄﻊ اﻟﻔﻮﺭ، ﻭاﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﺃﻥ اﻟﻤﺮاﺩ ﻛﻤﺎﻝ اﻟﻔﻮﺭﻳﺔ ﻭﺇﻻ ﻟﺰﻡ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ اﻟﺬﺑﻴﺤﺔ ﻣﻴﺘﺔ، ﻭﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ اﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺣﺮاﻣﺎ ﻻ ﻣﻜﺮﻭﻫﺎ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻮ اﻗﺘﺼﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻗﺎﺻﺪا ﺑﻪ اﻟﺘﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﻳﻜﻔﻲ ﺗﺄﻣﻞ
(ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻠﻪ ﺇﻟﺦ) ﻭﻧﺼﻪ: ﻭﻣﺎ ﺗﺪاﻭﻟﺘﻪ اﻷﻟﺴﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺬﺑﺢ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺑﺴﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻭاﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻣﻨﻘﻮﻝ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ – ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ -، ﻭﻋﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻭاﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﻗﺎﻟﻪ اﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ – {ﻓﺎﺫﻛﺮﻭا اﺳﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺻﻮاﻑ}

[ اﻟﺤﺞ: 36]

  • اﻩـ ﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺬﺧﻴﺮﺓ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺒﻘﺎﻝ ﺃﻧﻪ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺐ. ﻭﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﻮﻫﺮﺓ: ﻭﺇﻥ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﺴﻢ اﻟﻠﻪ اﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ اﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ ﻓﻬﻮ ﺣﺴﻦ

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