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Nifaas after c-section, zakaah in installments

Fatwaa ID: 993

Question:
Assalamu Alaikum, I have 3 questions if Mufti sahab can clarify please. 1. Is the bleeding after cesarean birth count as Nifas or not? 2. Can Zakat be given to someone who is earning but not have enough income to fulfil everyday needs of the family? 3. If a big amount of zakat is being given to a relative, can it be given to a third person who can give to them every month for their monthly expenses? JzkAllahu khaira

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

  1. If a woman gives birth to a baby through C-section and then bleeds from her womb, i.e., from her private part, then that will be considered nifaas. If she does not bleed from her private part but instead from her stomach, then she will not be considered to be in the state of nifaas.
  2. Earning or not earning does not determine zakaah eligibility. To determine eligibility, a person’s zakaatable wealth as well non-essential wealth will be considered. Both together must be valued at less than the nisaab. Hence, in the enquired situation, if after debts and immediate expenses, the person owns less than the nisaab in the mentioned wealth, then he will be eligible to receive zakaah. In many cases, one may pay possess less than the nisaab in zakaatable assets but more than the nisaab in non-essential wealth. This will prevent them from being eligible.
  3. Zakaah must be discharged immediately without unnecessary delay. The enquired situation does not qualify as a necessary delay. You may give the entire amount to the person or distribute it to multiple people instead. Alternatively, the relative in reference may appoint a person who can accept the money on his behalf and then give it to him monthly. In this situation, the entire amount will belong to the eligible recipient and it will only be with the other person as safekeeping.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


حاشية ابن عابدين (1/299)
م: (ويخرج) من رحمها فلو ولدته من سرتها إن سال الدم من الرحم فنفساء وإلا فذات جرح وإن ثبت له أحكام الولد
ح: (قوله من سرتها) عبارة البحر: من قبل سرتها، بأن كان ببطنها جرح فانشقت وخرج الولد منها. اهـ (قوله فنفساء) ؛ لأنه وجد خروج الدم من الرحم عقب الولادة بحر (قوله وإلا) أي بأن سال الدم من السرة (قوله وإن ثبت له أحكام الولد) أي فتنقضي به العدة وتصير الأمة أم ولد، ولو علق طلاقها بولادتها وقع لوجود الشرط بحر عن الظهيرية

درر الحكام شرح غرر الأحكام (1/42)
وقال الكمال: ثم ينبغي أن يزاد في التعريف فيقال عقب الولادة من الفرج فإنها لو ولدت من قبل سرتها بأن كان ببطنها جرح فانشقت وخرج الولد منها تكون صاحبة جرح سائل لا نفساء وتنقضي به العدة وتصير الأمة أم ولد به ولو علق طلاقها بولادتها وقع كذا في الظهيرية اهـ.
وإن سال الدم من الأسفل صارت نفساء ولو ولدت من السرة لأنه وجد خروج الدم من الرحم عقب الولادة كذا في البحر عن المحيط اهـ.
وأفاد المصنف أنها إذا لم تر دما لا تكون نفساء

المحيط البرهاني (1/268)
ولو ولدت ولم تر هي دما، فهي نفساء في رواية الحسن عن أبي يوسف، وهو قول أبي حنيفة رحمه الله ثم رجع أبو يوسف، وقال هي طاهرة.

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