Wednesday, July 17, 2024
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Outstanding Sadaqatul Fitr from time of birth

Fatwaa ID: 2359

Question:
Asalaamwalaikum, I was wondering if I have to pay zakat al fitr that was due on me as a child, from when I was born til now.

If zakat al fitr was due on me as a child, now I’m an adult, and my father never paid it, can I pay for it?

Do I have to pay for it?

And I read somewhere that if I do pay for it I need my fathers permission to get their intention for the zakat al fitr, is this true?

Can I just pay without telling my father?

also what school of thought do you follow

jazakallah khair

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

May Allaah Ta’aala overlook the shortcomings of your father and bless him with a long blissful life.

In principle, the obligation of Sadaqah/Zakaah al-Fitr for a minor child is on the father when he is liable, not the minor child. The minor child is dependent on the father. If the father unfortunately does not pay it, the son is not obligated to pay it, then nor later. The obligation however would remain on the father until paid. If the minor child wishes to pay it on behalf of his father later on when he becomes baaligh, then that would be permissible but the father’s permission should be taken. The son should make istighfaar for the father as well.

The obligation of Sadaqah al-Fitr for a baaligh child is on himself, not the father. If any sadaqah remains unpaid, then the baaligh child should pay it once he is able to do so.

Answers are provided according to the Hanafi legal school by default unless stated otherwise.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

11/11/1445 AH – 05/19/2024 CE | 1084

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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