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Qurbani is an independent obligation

Fatwaa ID: 1369

Question:
Assalamu alaykum wrwb. I am woman who moved out of my parents’ home due to safety reasons and am in no contact with them (I had a restraining order on them). It’s been 12 months. I live with my maternal grandpa now. However, he doesn’t make an income but gets ssi and some stipend from my non practicing aunt and from a practicing uncle in law (married to my other aunt). I have a job, paid zakat, but do not financially contribute to the household. Should I pay for my own qurbani? I only have around $8k to my name as my job is part time. Even though my uncle in law is the only man working, he is considered a “ghor jamai” while my grandpa is considered the head of the household. As far as I know, my grandpa still gives qurbani from money he saves up but I don’t know the source (but he understands for example that hajj using government aid/food stamp money wouldn’t be valid.)

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

May Allaah Ta’aala make things easy for you. May He grant you happiness and bliss.

  1. It is not clear what the details above have to do with the question. According to the Hanafi legal school, the obligation of qurbaani is on an individual basis. Each person’s personal conditions will determine whether he/she has to give qurbaani. Each person is responsible for his/her own qurbaani. Qurbaani is waajib upon every sane mature resident who possesses wealth, aside from his basic needs, equivalent to or more than the nisaab threshold on the 10th, 11th or 12th of Dhul Hijjah. The amount one earns is irrelevant. Likewise, the family members financial conditions are irrelevant in determining qurbaani obligation of a person.
    The nisaabs as of today is:
    -Silver $490.23 USD
    -Gold $5597.52 USD
    Generally, the silver nisaab is adopted. However, if there is difficulty in doing that for qurbaani, then the gold nisaab may be adopted instead.
  2. If someone gives qurbaani on your behalf with your permission, then that is permissible and sufficient.
  3. Hajj using government aid and food stamps will be valid. They will be included as well to determine Hajj, Zakaah, Sadaqatul Fitr and Qurbaani liability.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

12/09/1444 AH – 06/27/2023 CE | 426

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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