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Salaah of a deaf and mute person

Fatwaa ID: 1464

I saw a video of someone who can’t hear or speak. For salah they prayed using sign language. Is that considered bidah?

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

If a person is mute or dumb, i.e., he is unable to speak, then the obligation of reciting in salaah is waived from him. If he wishes, he may recite in his mind, with or without moving his tongue. He should not use sign language in salaah. This may constitute as ‘amal katheer and thus invalidate the salaah. Outside of salaah, he may use sign language to recite the Qur’aan if he wishes.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

12/22/1444 AH – 07/10/2023 CE | AML1-8025

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

المبسوط للسرخسي (1/217)
فإن عجز عن القراءة تسقط عنه القراءة

المحيط البرهاني في الفقه النعماني (2/149)
فإن عجز عن القراءة يومىء لغير قراءة؛ لأن القيام والركوع والسجود ركن كما أن القراءة ركن، ثم العجز عن تلك الأركان يسقط الأركان حتى يصلي مضطجعاً بالإيماء، فكذا العجز عن القراءة يسقط القراءة حتى يصلي بغير قراءة

حاشية ابن عابدين (1/415)
العاجز عن النطق لا يلزمه تحريك لسانه للتكبير أو القراءة في الصحيح

كتاب النوازل (3/511)


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