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Shaking with one hand or both

Fatwaa ID: 2316

Question:
Assalamu alaikum. Different cultures shake hands differently when saying Salaam (ie 1 hand vs 2 hands).

From a sunnah standpoint, are they both valid? Is there one preferred over the other?

A relative on mine insisted that my son shake hands with him with 2 hands as opposed to one. I am interested in learning more please

Jazakallahu khair

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

It is from the prophetic sunnah to shake hands when greeting one another. Rasulullaah ﷺ said,

مَا مِنْ مُسْلِمَيْنِ يَلْتَقِيَانِ فَيَتَصَافَحَانِ إِلَّا غُفِرَ لَهُمَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَفْتَرِقَا
“When two Muslims meet and shake hands, their sins are forgiven before they part.” [Abu Dawood]

In Arabic, this is called musaafahah. This refers to when a person places his palm on another person’s palm. When we look through the Ahaadith and sunnah, we find that both, using one hand and two, are sufficient to fulfill this sunnah and both are established. The Hanafiyyah however prefer using both hands.

One hand:

المؤمن إذا لقي المؤمن فسلم عليه وأخذ بيده فصافحه تناثرت خطاياهما كما يتناثر ورق الشجر
Rasulullaah ﷺ said, “When a believer meets a believer and greets him and takes his hand and shakes it, their sins fall off just like leaves of a tree fall.” [Tabaraani]

Two hands:

عن ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه قال: عَلَّمَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ﷺ التَّشَهُّدَ وكَفِّي بَيْنَ كَفَّيْهِ
‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood (R) narrates that Rasulullaah ﷺ taught him tashahhud while his hand was between the two hands of Rasulullaah ﷺ. [Bukhaari, Muslim]
Imam Bukhari (R) has narrated this hadith in a chapter which he titled, “The chapter of taking both the hands (in musaafahah).”

There are other Ahaadith supporting both positions. This is a matter of preference. Both will be rewarded. This should not be made an issue of discord and disunity. That defeats the purpose of the salaam and will render one blameworthy. Likewise, one should not shun the other or regard them to be acting contrary to the sunnah. Similarly, one should not try to enforce one position on the other. Greet and shake hands with love and sincerity.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

10/27/1445 AH – 05/06/2024 CE | AMG1-3980

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


الموسوعة الفقهية الكويتية (37/ 363)
ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ اﻝﻣﺼﺎﻓﺤﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺒﺔ ﻭﺁﺩاﺑﻬﺎ:
14 – ﺗﻘﻊ اﻝﻣﺼﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻷﺻﻞ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻳﻀﻊ اﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺻﻔﺢ ﻛﻔﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺻﻔﺢ ﻛﻒ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﻪ.
ﻭاﺧﺘﻠﻔﻮا ﻓﻲ ﻛﻮﻥ اﻝﻣﺼﺎﻓﺤﺔ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﺒﺔ ﺑﻜﻠﺘﺎ اﻟﻴﺪﻳﻦ ﺃﻡ ﺑﻴﺪ ﻭاﺣﺪﺓ، ﻓﺬﻫﺐ اﻟﺤﻨﻔﻴﺔ ﻭﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻤﺎﻟﻜﻴﺔ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ اﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻓﻲ اﻝﻣﺼﺎﻓﺤﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﻜﻠﺘﺎ اﻟﻴﺪﻳﻦ، ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻳﻠﺼﻖ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺘﺼﺎﻓﺤﻴﻦ ﺑﻄﻦ ﻛﻒ ﻳﻤﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺒﻄﻦ ﻛﻒ ﻳﻤﻴﻦ اﻵﺧﺮ، ﻭﻳﺠﻌﻞ ﺑﻄﻦ ﻛﻒ ﻳﺴﺎﺭﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻇﻬﺮ ﻛﻒ ﻳﻤﻴﻦ اﻵﺧﺮ، ﻭاﺳﺘﺪﻟﻮا ﺑﺄﻥ ﻫﺬا ﻫﻮ اﻟﻤﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻭاﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﻴﻦ، ﻭﺑﻤﺎ ﻭﺭﺩ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﻝ اﺑﻦ ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺭﺿﻲ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻨﻲ اﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ اﻟﺘﺸﻬﺪ ﻭﻛﻔﻲ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻛﻔﻴﻪ ﻭﺑﻤﺎ ﺫﻛﺮﻩ اﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺎﺏ اﻷﺧﺬ ﺑﺎﻟﻴﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ: ﺻﺎﻓﺢ ﺣﻤﺎﺩ ﺑﻦ ﺯﻳﺪ ﺑﻦ اﻟﻤﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﺑﻴﺪﻳﻪ، ﺇﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻫﻮ اﻟﻤﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻭاﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﻴﻦ، ﻭاﺳﺘﺪﻟﻮا ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻭﺭﺩ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ اﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ﺑﻦ ﺭﺯﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻣﺮﺭﻧﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺑﺬﺓ ﻓﻘﻴﻞ ﻟﻨﺎ: ﻫﺎﻫﻨﺎ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ ﺑﻦ اﻷﻛﻮﻉ ﺭﺿﻲ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ، ﻓﺄﺗﻴﺘﻪ ﻓﺴﻠﻤﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ، ﻓﺄﺧﺮﺝ ﻳﺪﻳﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: ﺑﺎﻳﻌﺖ ﺑﻬﺎﺗﻴﻦ ﻧﺒﻲ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ.
ﻛﻤﺎ اﺳﺘﺪﻟﻮا ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ: ﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﻴﻦ اﻟﺘﻘﻴﺎ ﻓﺄﺧﺬ ﺃﺣﺪﻫﻤﺎ ﺑﻴﺪ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﺇﻻ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺣﻘﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺤﻀﺮ ﺩﻋﺎءﻫﻤﺎ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻔﺮﻕ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻬﻤﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻐﻔﺮ ﻟﻬﻤﺎ، ﻗﺎﻟﻮا: ﻭﺭﺩﺕ اﻟﺮﻭاﻳﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﻫﺬا اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻭﻏﻴﺮﻩ ﺑﻠﻔﻆ اﻟﺠﻤﻊ، ﻭﻻ ﻳﺼﺪﻕ ﺇﻻ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻝﻣﺼﺎﻓﺤﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﻜﻠﺘﺎ اﻟﻴﺪﻳﻦ ﻻ ﺑﻴﺪ ﻭاﺣﺪﺓ.
ﻭﺫﻫﺐ ﺁﺧﺮﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ اﻝﻣﺼﺎﻓﺤﺔ اﻟﻤﺸﺮﻭﻋﺔ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻌﺪﻯ اﻟﻤﻌﻨﻰ اﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻠﻐﺔ، ﻭﻳﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﺑﻤﺠﺮﺩ ﺇﻟﺼﺎﻕ ﺻﻔﺢ اﻟﻜﻒ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻒ.
ﻭاﺳﺘﺪﻝ ﻟﻬﺬا اﻟﺮﺃﻱ ﺑﻘﻮﻝ ﻋﺒﻴﺪ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺑﻦ ﺑﺴﺮ ﺭﺿﻲ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ: ﺗﺮﻭﻥ ﻛﻔﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ، ﻓﺄﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻧﻨﻲ ﻭﺿﻌﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻒ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ. . ﻭﺫﻛﺮ اﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ.

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