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Shaytaan chained, punishment in the grave in Ramadhan

Fatwaa ID: 895

Question:
Assalamualaikum

From one of the hadis, we know that allah subhanahu watala chained up the shaitan during Ramadan.

Some kids asking me questions,

  1. If shaitan is chained up, how can people still commit sins during Ramadan?
  2. If a person person dies in Ramadan who used to be not a good person, will his punishment in grab start after Ramadan?

Please elaborate the answers as much as possible.

Jazakallah

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

  1. Firstly, sins are committed by the people. All year long they disobey Allaah Ta’aala and are accustomed to that. How can it be such that all of a sudden they will now become submissive and obedient? Ramadhan is a training moment to bring you closer to Allaah Ta’aala. The Shaytaan is chained up to make it easier to achieve this. Furthermore, this is a reminder that you cannot blame the shaytaan tomorrow in the Hereafter. You can only blame yourself. Secondly, the Shaytaan and the obstinate devils are chained up during Ramadhan. The other devils are not chained up.


  2. There is no specific guaranteed virtue of passing away in the month of Ramadhaan. The time of one’s death is not in one’s own hands. That is something uncontrollable and hence it is not possible to really attach a virtue to it.

The hadith which is often quoted regarding the doors of Jahannam being closed in the month of Ramadhaan is not in relation to a person’s death. Rather, the hadith is an encouragement for a person to exert himself and attain Jannah, thereby attaining salvation from Jahannam.

A person’s entry into Jannah, either direct or via detours- Allaah Ta’aala protect us, is subject to one’s deeds and ultimately the mercy of Allaah Ta’aala. There is no basis for the claim that passing away in Ramadhaan guarantees Jannah or guarantees salvation from the punishment of the grave or hell-fire. However, the following Hadith gives us hope:

وَمَنْ صَامَ يَوْمًا ابْتِغَاءَ وَجْهِ اللَّهِ خُتِمَ لَهُ بِهَا دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ
“Whoever fasts a day seeking the countenance of Allaah Ta’aala and dies in that state, he will enter Jannah.” (Ahmad)

This Hadith is not specific to the fasts of Ramadhaan. It is applicable to any day of the year.

Furthermore, it is hoped that through the blessings of Ramadhaan, Allaah Ta’aala will shower His infinite grace and mercy upon the deceased.

In conclusion, passing away in Ramadhaan does not guarantee salvation from Jahannam nor admittance into Jannah.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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