Thursday, December 1, 2022
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Studying astrophysics

Fatwaa ID: 194

Question:

Assalamu Alaikum, i have a question regarding physics.

I was planning to study astrophysics in university but have recently heard that it is haram to study it. Please clarify if this is true and if so, are there any boundaries to how much a person can explore? Also is studying physics in general allowed for the aim of seeking knowledge and providing for family etc. Are their any other fields of physics or any general subject that is haram to study?

JazakhAllah, i will wait patiently for a response

Answer:

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

Astrophysics is a branch of space science that applies the laws of physics and chemistry to explain the birth, life and death of stars, planets, galaxies, nebulae and other objects in the universe. It has two sibling sciences, astronomy and cosmology, and the lines between them blur[i]

Almighty Allaah says,

وَلِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَاللَّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ * إِنَّ فِي خَلْقِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَاخْتِلَافِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ لَآيَاتٍ لِأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ * الَّذِينَ يَذْكُرُونَ اللَّهَ قِيَامًا وَقُعُودًا وَعَلَى جُنُوبِهِمْ وَيَتَفَكَّرُونَ فِي خَلْقِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ رَبَّنَا مَا خَلَقْتَ هَذَا بَاطِلًا سُبْحَانَكَ فَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

Translation: “And to Allaah alone belongs all dominion over the heavens and earth. And Allaah is powerful over all things. Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and in the alteration of the night and the daylight are signs (of Allaah’s creative power) for those who are endowed with discretion and understanding- those who remember Allaah with (with reverence) while standing and while sitting and while lying on their sides; and who reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth, saying: Our Lord! You have not created all this in vain. Highly exalted are You. So save us from the torment of the Fire. (Aali ‘Imraan v.188-191)

There is no restriction in studying astrophysics. However, one should ensure that he is not influenced by such theories that are against the Islaamic belief system. He should use this opportunity to ponder over the creation of Allaah Ta’aala and strengthen his faith in Him.

And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best.

Muajul I. Chowdhury
Student, Darul Iftaa
Astoria, New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


[i] https://www.space.com/26218-astrophysics.html

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