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Stunning before zabiha, hunting

Fatwaa ID: 1713

Question:
Assalamu’alaikum Mufti Sahab I have 2 questions please,

  1. What is the correct opinion on the stunning of animals before slaughtering them with the correct zabiha method, would the meat still be considered halal or would it be disliked but still halal
  2. As for hunting the animal how does one hunt an animal with a gun while still abiding by the rules of proper islamic slaughter, and what would be the case if the bullet impact kills the animal before reaching it to be able to slaughter it properly (i.e would the animal still be considered permissible to eat). Furthermore, when one is hunting should he try to aim for a lethal shot or a shot which would hinder the animals ability to maneuver making it easier to capture and slaughter.

Jazakallahu Khair

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

  1. It is reprehensible to stun an animal before slaughtering it. The permissibility of an animal which was stunned before slaughtering will be subject to the result of the stunning. If the animal dies before it can be slaughtered, then it will be haraam. If the animal does not die as a result of the stunning, but rather one successfully slaughters it while alive, then it will be halaal.
  2. It is permissible to hunt animals, with guns, bows and arrows and other hunting tools. The hunting must be purposeful or beneficial and not merely as a sport. When pulling the trigger or shooting the arrow, it is necessary to take the name of Allaah Ta’aala. Upon shooting, one must pursue the animal. If one reaches the animal and finds that it has died due to the wound of the bullet or the arrow, then it is halaal. It will not be necessary to slaughter it. If it died due to other factors such as falling or downing, then the animal will not be halaal. It will have to be discarded. However, if one finds the animal still alive, then it will be necessary to slaughter it (zabihah).

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

02/15/1445 AH – 09/01/2023 CE | AMG1-3403

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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