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Taking back Mahr after Nikaah

Fatwa ID: 076

Question:

Salaam alaikum,

Is the Nikah valid if the husband gives mahr to his wife on the day of Nikah and takes back the same amount from her on the same day?

Answer:

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Sister in Islaam,

The validity of a nikaah does not depend on the giving of the mahr.

In the enquired situation, the nikaah will be valid. The mahr given to the wife is the exclusive right of the wife[i]. The husband has no right to take the mahr from the wife without the consent of the wife.

Nevertheless, the nikaah remains valid.

And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best.
Muajul I. Chowdhury
Student, Darul Iftaa
New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

11/07/2017

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


 

الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (1/ 199)

وقال الشافعي رحمه الله لا يجب شيء في الموت وأكثرهم على أنه يجب في الدخول له أن المهر خالص حقها فتتمكن من نفيه ابتداء كما تتمكن من إسقاطه انتهاء ولنا أن المهر وجوبا حق الشرع على ما مر وإنما يصير حقا لها في حالة البقاء فتملك الإبراء دون النفي

البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق (3/ 156)

ولأنه حق الشرع وجوبا، وإنما يصير حقها في حالة البقاء فتملك الإبراء دون النفي

اللباب في شرح الكتاب (3/ 15)

لأن المهر ابتداءً حق الشرع، فلا تملك نفيه، وإنما يصير حقها حالة البقاء، فتملك الإبراء عنه

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