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Talaaq query: Talaq with ت

Fatwaa ID: 1700

Question:
السلام علیکم و رحمة الله و بركاته
Respected Mufti Saheb

▪️ If a man of knowledge and pronounciatuon etc utters the words of Talaaq and then after mentions that he intentionally gave Talaaq using the letter ت and not ط as he didn’t intend to divorce would this Talaaq fall? (He has enquired about this before and there were Muftis who mentioned that because he is of knowledge it will not fall? Is that correct? )

▪️ Later on he then issues another Talaaq e Raj’ee which he then soon after revokes.

At this point would it be regarded as him having given 1 Talaaq or 2?

▪️ If a man connected a condition to divorce and then fulfills that condition a Talaaq e Baain will fall or if he gives 1 Talaaq e Baain where the wife sits in the Iddat and then they renew the Nikah after the Iddat, would the renewal of Nikaah return them to 0 Talaaqs or would the remaining Talaaqs from the previous Nikah carry over? Ie they are left now with 2 or 1 only?

Desperately awaiting a response
Jazakallah

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

  1. In principle, if a person intentionally or unintentionally utters talaaq with a distorted or incorrect pronunciation, such as the above, then talaaq will take place in the Shari’ah court, irrespective of his intention or claim unless he had made someone a witness to his claim prior to uttering it. However, if the matter is not raised to a Shari’ah court or a Muslim judicial board, then between him and Allaah Ta’aala his intention and claim will be accepted and considered. In the enquired situation, he should be true to himself and make a decision while remembering that Allaah Ta’aala is well aware of the reality. He cannot escape Him.
  2. The total number of talaaqs issued will be dependent on the above.
  3. In the event of reconciliation or remarriage in both the enquired scenarios, the husband will have the authority of the remaining talaaqs only. The count will not be reset.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

02/13/1445 AH – 08/30/2023 CE | 572

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق (3/271)
ﻭﻓﻲ اﻟﺼﻴﺮﻓﻴﺔ ﺳﺌﻞ اﻟﻔﻘﻴﻪ ﺃﺑﻮ اﻟﻠﻴﺚ ﻋﻤﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ: ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻪ اﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﻣﻄﻠﻘﺔ ﻓﻠﻴﺼﻔﻖ ﺑﻴﺪﻳﻪ ﻓﺼﻔﻘﻮا ﻃﻠﻘﻦ ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﻻ، ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﻟﻪ ﻃﻠﻘﻨﻲ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺃﻃﻠﻘﻚ ﻭﻗﻊ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻣﺸﺎﻳﺦ ﺳﻤﺮﻗﻨﺪ ﻭﻣﻨﻪ اﻷﻟﻔﺎﻅ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﻔﺔ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺧﻤﺴﺔ: ﺗﻼﻕ ﻭﺗﻼﻍ ﻭﻃﻼﻍ ﻭﻃﻼﻙ ﻭﺗﻼﻙ ﻓﻴﻘﻊ ﻗﻀﺎء ﻭﻻ ﻳﺼﺪﻕ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫا ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻗﺎﻝ اﻣﺮﺃﺗﻲ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻲ اﻟﻄﻼﻕ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﻻ ﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﻓﺄﻗﻮﻝ: ﻫﺬا ﻭﻻ ﻓﺮﻕ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ، ﻭاﻟﺠﺎﻫﻞ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﻔﺘﻮﻯ

مجمع الأنهر في شرح ملتقى الأبحر (1/386)
ﻭﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﻧﺤﻮ ” ﻭﺳﻮﺑﻴﺎ ﻃﻼﻍ، ﺃﻭ ﺗﻼﻉ، ﺃﻭ ﺗﻼﻍ ﺃﻭ ﻃﻼﻙ ” ﺑﻼ ﻓﺮﻕ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﺠﺎﻫﻞ ﻭاﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ اﻟﻔﻀﻠﻲ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺗﻌﻤﺪﺗﻪ ﺗﺨﻮﻳﻔﻬﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺼﺪﻕ ﻗﻀﺎء ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﻹﺷﻬﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ، ﻭﻛﺬا ﺃﻧﺖ ” ﻃ ﻟ اﻕ “، ﺃﻭ ” ﻃﻼﻕ ﺑﺎﺵ “، ﺃﻭ ” ﻃﻼﻕ ﺷﻮ ” ﻛﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔ ﻭﻟﻢ ﻳﺸﺘﺮﻁ ﻋﻠﻢ اﻟﺰﻭﺝ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻩ ﻓﻠﻮ ﻟﻘﻨﻪ اﻟﻄﻼﻕ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻓﻄﻠﻘﻬﺎ ﺑﻼ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﻊ ﻗﻀﺎء ﻛﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻈﻬﻴﺮﻳﺔ ﻭاﻟﻤﻨﻴﺔ.
ﻭﻓﻲ اﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻮ ﻃﻠﻖ اﻟﻨﺒﻄﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﺎﺭﺳﻴﺔ ﻳﻘﻊ، ﻭﻟﻮ ﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﺑﻪ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺪﺭﻳﻪ ﻻ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺔ ﻟﻤﺎ ﻗﺒﻠﻬﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻓﻲ اﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ اﻟﺰﻭﺝ اﻟﻄﻼﻕ ﺑﻬﺬا اﻟﻠﻔﻆ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻩ ﺑﺨﻼﻑ اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻼ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺔ، ﺗﺪﺑﺮ.

حاشية ابن عابدين (3/20)
(ﻗﻮﻟﻪ: ﻭﺃﻣﺎ اﻟﻄﻼﻕ ﻓﻴﻘﻊ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﺦ) ﺃﻱ ﺑﺎﻷﻟﻔﺎﻅ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﻔﺔ ﻛﺗﻼﻕ ﻭﺗﻼﻙ ﻭﻃﻼﻙ ﻭﻃﻼﻍ ﻭﺗﻼﻍ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ: ﻓﻴﻘﻊ ﻗﻀﺎء ﻭﻻ ﻳﺼﺪﻕ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫا ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻗﺎﻝ اﻣﺮﺃﺗﻲ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻲ اﻟﻄﻼﻕ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﻻ ﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﻓﺄﻗﻮﻝ ﻫﺬا، ﻭﻻ ﻓﺮﻕ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﻭاﻟﺠﺎﻫﻞ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﻔﺘﻮﻯ. اﻩـ.

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