Fatwaa ID: 1700
السلام علیکم و رحمة الله و بركاته
Respected Mufti Saheb
▪️ If a man of knowledge and pronounciatuon etc utters the words of Talaaq and then after mentions that he intentionally gave Talaaq using the letter ت and not ط as he didn’t intend to divorce would this Talaaq fall? (He has enquired about this before and there were Muftis who mentioned that because he is of knowledge it will not fall? Is that correct? )
▪️ Later on he then issues another Talaaq e Raj’ee which he then soon after revokes.
At this point would it be regarded as him having given 1 Talaaq or 2?
▪️ If a man connected a condition to divorce and then fulfills that condition a Talaaq e Baain will fall or if he gives 1 Talaaq e Baain where the wife sits in the Iddat and then they renew the Nikah after the Iddat, would the renewal of Nikaah return them to 0 Talaaqs or would the remaining Talaaqs from the previous Nikah carry over? Ie they are left now with 2 or 1 only?
Desperately awaiting a response
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.
- In principle, if a person intentionally or unintentionally utters talaaq with a distorted or incorrect pronunciation, such as the above, then talaaq will take place in the Shari’ah court, irrespective of his intention or claim unless he had made someone a witness to his claim prior to uttering it. However, if the matter is not raised to a Shari’ah court or a Muslim judicial board, then between him and Allaah Ta’aala his intention and claim will be accepted and considered. In the enquired situation, he should be true to himself and make a decision while remembering that Allaah Ta’aala is well aware of the reality. He cannot escape Him.
- The total number of talaaqs issued will be dependent on the above.
- In the event of reconciliation or remarriage in both the enquired scenarios, the husband will have the authority of the remaining talaaqs only. The count will not be reset.
And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
02/13/1445 AH – 08/30/2023 CE | 572
وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين
البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق (3/271)
ﻭﻓﻲ اﻟﺼﻴﺮﻓﻴﺔ ﺳﺌﻞ اﻟﻔﻘﻴﻪ ﺃﺑﻮ اﻟﻠﻴﺚ ﻋﻤﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﺠﻤﺎﻋﺔ: ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻪ اﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﻣﻄﻠﻘﺔ ﻓﻠﻴﺼﻔﻖ ﺑﻴﺪﻳﻪ ﻓﺼﻔﻘﻮا ﻃﻠﻘﻦ ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﻻ، ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﻟﻪ ﻃﻠﻘﻨﻲ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺃﻃﻠﻘﻚ ﻭﻗﻊ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻣﺸﺎﻳﺦ ﺳﻤﺮﻗﻨﺪ ﻭﻣﻨﻪ اﻷﻟﻔﺎﻅ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﻔﺔ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺧﻤﺴﺔ: ﺗﻼﻕ ﻭﺗﻼﻍ ﻭﻃﻼﻍ ﻭﻃﻼﻙ ﻭﺗﻼﻙ ﻓﻴﻘﻊ ﻗﻀﺎء ﻭﻻ ﻳﺼﺪﻕ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫا ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻗﺎﻝ اﻣﺮﺃﺗﻲ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻲ اﻟﻄﻼﻕ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﻻ ﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﻓﺄﻗﻮﻝ: ﻫﺬا ﻭﻻ ﻓﺮﻕ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ، ﻭاﻟﺠﺎﻫﻞ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﻔﺘﻮﻯ
مجمع الأنهر في شرح ملتقى الأبحر (1/386)
ﻭﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﻴﺔ ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﻧﺤﻮ ” ﻭﺳﻮﺑﻴﺎ ﻃﻼﻍ، ﺃﻭ ﺗﻼﻉ، ﺃﻭ ﺗﻼﻍ ﺃﻭ ﻃﻼﻙ ” ﺑﻼ ﻓﺮﻕ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﺠﺎﻫﻞ ﻭاﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ اﻟﻔﻀﻠﻲ، ﻭﺇﻥ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺗﻌﻤﺪﺗﻪ ﺗﺨﻮﻳﻔﻬﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺼﺪﻕ ﻗﻀﺎء ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﻹﺷﻬﺎﺩ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ، ﻭﻛﺬا ﺃﻧﺖ ” ﻃ ﻟ اﻕ “، ﺃﻭ ” ﻃﻼﻕ ﺑﺎﺵ “، ﺃﻭ ” ﻃﻼﻕ ﺷﻮ ” ﻛﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔ ﻭﻟﻢ ﻳﺸﺘﺮﻁ ﻋﻠﻢ اﻟﺰﻭﺝ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻩ ﻓﻠﻮ ﻟﻘﻨﻪ اﻟﻄﻼﻕ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻓﻄﻠﻘﻬﺎ ﺑﻼ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﻊ ﻗﻀﺎء ﻛﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻈﻬﻴﺮﻳﺔ ﻭاﻟﻤﻨﻴﺔ.
ﻭﻓﻲ اﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻮ ﻃﻠﻖ اﻟﻨﺒﻄﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﺎﺭﺳﻴﺔ ﻳﻘﻊ، ﻭﻟﻮ ﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﺑﻪ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺪﺭﻳﻪ ﻻ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺔ ﻟﻤﺎ ﻗﺒﻠﻬﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻓﻲ اﻷﻭﻟﻰ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ اﻟﺰﻭﺝ اﻟﻄﻼﻕ ﺑﻬﺬا اﻟﻠﻔﻆ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻩ ﺑﺨﻼﻑ اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻓﻼ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺔ، ﺗﺪﺑﺮ.
حاشية ابن عابدين (3/20)
(ﻗﻮﻟﻪ: ﻭﺃﻣﺎ اﻟﻄﻼﻕ ﻓﻴﻘﻊ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺇﻟﺦ) ﺃﻱ ﺑﺎﻷﻟﻔﺎﻅ اﻟﻤﺼﺤﻔﺔ ﻛﺗﻼﻕ ﻭﺗﻼﻙ ﻭﻃﻼﻙ ﻭﻃﻼﻍ ﻭﺗﻼﻍ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﺤﺮ: ﻓﻴﻘﻊ ﻗﻀﺎء ﻭﻻ ﻳﺼﺪﻕ ﺇﻻ ﺇﺫا ﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺘﻜﻠﻢ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻗﺎﻝ اﻣﺮﺃﺗﻲ ﺗﻄﻠﺐ ﻣﻨﻲ اﻟﻄﻼﻕ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﻻ ﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﻓﺄﻗﻮﻝ ﻫﺬا، ﻭﻻ ﻓﺮﻕ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﻭاﻟﺠﺎﻫﻞ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ اﻟﻔﺘﻮﻯ. اﻩـ.
Darul Iftaa New York answers questions on issues pertaining to Shari’ah. These questions and answers are placed for public view on askthemufti.us for educational purposes. The rulings given here are based on the questions posed and should be read in conjunction with the questions. Many answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation.
Darul Iftaa New York bears no responsibility with regard to its answers being used out of their intended contexts, nor with regard to any loss or damage that may be caused by acting on its answers or not doing so.
References and links to other websites should not be taken as an endorsement of all contents of those websites.
Answers may not be used as evidence in any court of law without prior written consent of Darul Iftaa New York.