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Taraaweeh and Witr

Fatwaa ID: 984

Asalamu’alaikum mufti, Ramadan Mubarak. I have the following questions.
1 what’s the difference be tween fard and wajib?
2 Are witr sunnah or wajib?
3 Is there a minimum or maximum amount of tarawah that can be prayed?
4 Tarawah is a.sunnah correct?

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

  1. In application, fardh and waajib are the same: obligatory. The difference between the two is in technicalities. Rejecting the former renders one a kaafir while the latter a faasiq. The two levels are because of the status of the evidences for both.
  2. Witr is waajib according to the Hanafi legal school, an emphasized sunnah according to the others. One should adhere to the position of his legal school.
  3. The established and perpetual sunnah from the time of the Sahaabah (R) until today is to perform twenty rak’ahs for Taraaweeh. Twenty is a Sunnah Muakkadah. If one wishes to pray more during the nights of Ramadhan, he may do so. The Maaliki legal school suggests thirty-six rak’ahs, and some even suggest forty. If one performs less than twenty, that will still count as Taraaweeh but he will be acting contrary to the sunnah.
  4. Taraaweeh is a Sunnah Muakkadah.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


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