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The word إبراهيم in the Qur’aan

Fatwaa ID: 1717

As-salamu alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh, Mufti Sahab.

Why is that the name Ibraahem is written or spelled in the ENTIRE Sura Baqara w/out the letter “ya” but in the REST of the Qur’an, starting from Sura Imran, it is written/spelled Ibraaheem w/ the letter “ya” between the letters “ha” & “meem”?

Barak Allahu feek wa jazak Allahu khairan katheeran wa ahsanul jaza.

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

The Iraqi and Levantine mus’hafs have the word إبراهيم written without the ي in Surah al-Baqarah. In the remaining surahs, it is written with the ي. To understand this, it is important to understand first that the orthography of the Qur’aan is divinely inspired and it is a sunnah we follow. The recitation of the Qur’aan is not based on the written form, but rather as we narrate it generation after generation through memory and chains of transmission.

The orthography of the Qur’aan is such that it is able to facilitate the various Qira’at in one mus’haf. The base structure of the text remains the same. This is one of the beauties and wisdoms of the rasm of the Qur’aan.

In the word إبراهيم, there are two Qira’at: إبراهِيم and إبراهَام. Imaam Ibn ‘Aamir Shaami (R), via both his riwaayahs, recites it إبراهام in all the places in Surah al-Baqarah. A second option in these places is established for him as well via the riwaayah of Ibn Dhakwaan. In the remaining places in the Qur’aan, only a select few are recited إبراهام, and that too via the riwaayah of Hishaam only. Thus, the script is written without a ي in Surah al-Baqarah to facilitate both recitations as a general rule. In all other places, one must be cognizant of the narrated recitation.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

02/16/1445 AH – 09/02/2023 CE | AMG1-3410

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


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