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Washing hands before eating

Fatwaa ID: 1960

Is it Sunnah to wash hands before eating?

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

It is mustahabb to wash one’s hands before eating. This is also hygienic and closer to purity. Consider the following Ahaadith,

بركة الطعام الوضوء قبله، والوضوء بعده
“The barakah of food is in washing (the hands) before it and after it.” [Tirmidhi]

من أحب أن يكثر خير بيته فليتوضأ إذا حضر غداؤه وإذا رفع.
“Whoever wishes to enhance the good of his house, let him wash (his hands) when the food is brought and when it is raised.” [Ibn Maajah]

الوضوء قبل الطعام ينفي الفقر, وبعده ينفي اللمم
“Washing prior to eating repels poverty, and washing after eating repels insanity.” [Tabaraani]

Note: The above Ahaadith are suitable for practice despite the dhu’f in them.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

05/23/1445 AH – 12/07/2023 CE | AMG1-3615

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

المحيط البرهاني في الفقه النعماني (5/352)
ﻭﻳﺴﺘﺤﺐ ﻏﺴﻞ اﻟﻴﺪﻳﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺑﻌﺪﻩ، ﻓﺈﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺑﺮﻛﺔ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ: ﻗﺮﺃﺕ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺘﻮﺭاﺓ اﻟﻮﺿﻮء ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﻛﺔ، ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﻏﺴﻞ اﻟﻴﺪﻳﻦ

البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق (8/208)
ﻭﻳﺴﺘﺤﺐ ﻏﺴﻞ اﻟﻴﺪﻳﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺑﺮﻛﺔ، ﻭﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﺮﻫﺎﻧﻴﺔ: ﻭاﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻏﺴﻞ اﻷﻳﺪﻱ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﺑﻌﺪﻩ. ﻭﻓﻲ ﻭاﻗﻌﺎﺕ اﻟﻨﺎﻃﻔﻲ: اﻷﺩﺏ ﻓﻲ ﻏﺴﻞ اﻷﻳﺪﻱ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﺒﺎﻥ، ﺛﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻴﻮﺥ، ﻭﺇﺫا ﻏﺴﻞ ﻻ ﻳﻤﺴﺢ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻨﺪﻳﻞ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﺘﺮﻙ ﻟﻴﺠﻒ ﻟﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﺛﺮ اﻝﻏﺴﻞ ﺑﺎﻗﻴﺎ ﻭﻗﺖ اﻷﻛﻞ، ﻭاﻷﺩﺏ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻐﺴﻞ ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺒﺪﺃ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻴﻮﺥ ﻭﻳﻤﺴﺢ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻨﺪﻳﻞ ﻟﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﺛﺮ اﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﺯاﺋﻼ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻠﻴﺔ ﻭﻓﻲ اﻟﺘﺘﻤﺔ ﺳﺌﻞ ﻭاﻟﺪﻱ ﻋﻦ ﻏﺴﻞ اﻟﻔﻢ ﻟﻷﻛﻞ؛ ﻫﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺳﻨﺔ ﻛﻏﺴﻞ اﻟﻴﺪ؟ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻻ


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