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When should a girl start fasting

Fatwaa ID: 950

Question:
Assalamualaykum. A sister wants to know in which age roza is furdh for girls? Is it furdh when the girls start their periods? Please keep in mind that In these times mostly girls are starting their periods early in the age of 9 and they are not strong enough to keep continously full fast with school routine or even in holidays .jzk

Answer:
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

The injunctions and laws of Shari’ah are applicable on a person from the time he/she becomes baaligh. A boy is regarded to be baaligh from the time he experiences a nocturnal emission, and a girl once she starts menstruating. There are no set ages for the above. It can vary from person to person. In the absence of the above, the age of fifteen lunar years will deem them both baaligh.

Accordingly, a 9 year old girl who has started experiencing haydh will have to fast, perform all her salaahs, pay zakaah if liable and fulfill the other injunctions of the Shari’ah. She is regarded as mature in the eyes of the Shari’ah. The parents may not prevent her. Should they do, they will be sinful and accountable.

We disagree with the claim that “they are not strong enough”. Fasting may not always be easy for everyone but it is manageable even by a young baaligh girl. The problem often happens to be the parents or those around her who prevent her from mentally developing and growing. This degeneration is a result of babying them until a much older age. Furthermore, we often see parents eager to push them in other aspects but hold them back when it comes to Deen. A child should be encouraged to train fasting from before becoming baaligh. This allows the child to start fully fasting with ease when the time comes.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
https://askthemufti.us/

09/10/1444 AH – 04/01/2023 CE | AML1-7464

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين

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