Fatwaa ID: 1119
If someone has never calculated their zakat before and need to understand how they do this process, what are the steps they should follow?
Also I have gold jewelry but I am unable to get to a jeweler who has the proper scale to weigh it as I live in a small town, how can I pay zakat to cover it (even if I pay more) before I get an oppertunity to go to an area with a jeweler to get it weighed.
In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.
- Firstly, identify your zakaah date. That is the first time you owned the minimum nisaab amount. If you cannot recall and you do not have an approximate date, then choose a specific date. That date will remain your annual zakaah date.
On that date, add together all your zakaatable assets. This includes, all forms of cash, bank balances, savings, gold, silver, stocks, crypto, trade goods and most investments. If you have debts, deduct them from the total. If the total after deduction is equal to the nisaab or more, then you will pay 2.5% of that.
Backdate your assets for the previous years using the above date and method. It may be difficult but try your best to recall what you had and how much you had in the previous years. You may estimate to the greater number. Anything extra that you pay will count as nafl.
- You do not need to take it to a jeweler. You can weigh your gold on a regular kitchen scale. This is generally available easily. If you are unable to do that, you may estimate for the time being and give your zakaah. However, when you do have them measured, then you must reassess for the previous years that you estimated. If there was a deficiency, then you will pay the balance. If you paid extra, you may either count it as nafl or deduct it from the upcoming years.
And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York
10/15/1444 AH – 05/05/2023 CE | AML1-7652
وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين
Darul Iftaa New York answers questions on issues pertaining to Shari’ah. These questions and answers are placed for public view on askthemufti.us for educational purposes. The rulings given here are based on the questions posed and should be read in conjunction with the questions. Many answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation.
Darul Iftaa New York bears no responsibility with regard to its answers being used out of their intended contexts, nor with regard to any loss or damage that may be caused by acting on its answers or not doing so.
References and links to other websites should not be taken as an endorsement of all contents of those websites.
Answers may not be used as evidence in any court of law without prior written consent of Darul Iftaa New York.