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Zakaah query: giving to two relatives

Fatwaa ID: 2168

Assalamu Alaikum sister, I pray that you are well inshaAllah, I wanted to ask about my two relative if they will be eligible for Zakat, first one who is my Aunty living in Pakistan, she has a husband who doesn’tearn anything due to his health, she also have a Baligh son and daughter but son is studying and Part time working which is not enough for them so some of our relative including myself give her money monthly for her and her family, can I give my zakat to her? 2nd person is my brother who us also working but very less, his wife has gold of Nisab value but she is also dependent on her, he wants to start some small business, can I give my zakat to him and my Aunty who I mentioned? Sorry about the detailed questions, can you ask Mufti sahab and let me know please..jazakillahkhairan katheera

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

May Allaah Ta’aala reward you abundantly for assisting your relatives. May He make it easy for them.

At the outset, zakaah eligibility is determined on a individual basis. Each and every person would either be eligible or ineligible due his/her own financial standing. A person’s spouse or children will not effect that. Their wealth are not his and thus will not be added to his wealth when assessing for zakaah eligibility.

Nevertheless, to determine if a person is eligible to receive zakaah, all his zakaatable assets and non-essential wealth will be added together. Zakaatable assets include cash at hand, pocket money, spare change, savings, bank balance, gold, silver, trade goods and most investments. Thereafter, his debts will be deducted. If the amount after deduction is below the nisaab amount, then he will be eligible to receive zakaah. If it is equal to or more than the nisaab amount, then he may not accept zakaah.

In the two enquired situations, you may use the above guidelines to determine if the above two relatives are eligible to receive zakaah. Remember, each family member’s wealth will be assessed individually to determine his/her personal eligibility. It is possible that some family members may be eligible to receive zakaah while others, like the wife in the second question, may be liable to pay zakaah.

And Allaah Ta’aala knows best.
Mufti Muajul I. Chowdhury
Darul Iftaa New York

08/17/1445 AH – 02/27/2024 CE

وصل اللهم وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى ءاله وصحبه أجمعين


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